Geography of Alcona County, Michigan

North America

Alcona County, located in the northeastern part of the state of Michigan, offers a diverse geography characterized by forests, lakes, rivers, and a rugged coastline along Lake Huron. Spanning an area of approximately 1,691 square miles, Alcona County boasts a unique blend of geographical features, climate patterns, rivers, lakes, and cultural heritage. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features of Alcona County, Michigan.


According to ehuzhou, Alcona County is situated in the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, bordered by Lake Huron to the east, Oscoda County to the north, Iosco County to the south, and Alpena County to the west. The landscape is predominantly rural, with vast forests covering much of the area. The county also features several inland lakes and rivers, including the Au Sable River, and a rugged coastline along Lake Huron. The county seat, Harrisville, is located along the Lake Huron shoreline.


The climate of Alcona County is classified as humid continental, with cold, snowy winters and warm, humid summers.

  • Summer (June – August): Summers in Alcona County are typically warm and humid, with average daytime temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to the low 80s Fahrenheit (around 24-28 degrees Celsius). However, temperatures can occasionally reach the upper 80s to low 90s Fahrenheit (around 31-35 degrees Celsius) during heatwaves.
  • Fall (September – November): Autumn brings cooler temperatures and colorful foliage to Alcona County. Average highs range from the mid-50s to the low 60s Fahrenheit (around 13-16 degrees Celsius), making it an ideal time for outdoor activities such as hiking and leaf-peeping.
  • Winter (December – February): Winters in Alcona County are cold and snowy, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-teens to the low 30s Fahrenheit (around -9 to 0 degrees Celsius). Snowfall is common, particularly in the northern part of the county, where lake-effect snow from Lake Huron can occur.
  • Spring (March – May): Springtime in Alcona County is characterized by gradually warming temperatures and increasing rainfall. Average highs range from the mid-40s to the low 60s Fahrenheit (around 7-16 degrees Celsius), with blooming flowers and trees signaling the arrival of the growing season.

Rivers and Lakes:

Alcona County is home to numerous rivers, streams, inland lakes, and a stretch of Lake Huron’s coastline, which provide abundant recreational opportunities and contribute to the region’s natural beauty.

  • Au Sable River: The Au Sable River, one of Michigan’s most renowned trout streams, flows through the northern part of Alcona County. It is popular for fishing, canoeing, kayaking, and tubing, offering scenic views and abundant wildlife along its banks.
  • Inland Lakes: Alcona County contains several inland lakes, including Hubbard Lake, the largest inland lake in the county, known for its fishing and water sports. Other notable lakes include Lake Huron, Alcona Dam Pond, and Black Bass Bay.
  • Lake Huron Coastline: The eastern border of Alcona County is defined by a rugged coastline along Lake Huron, featuring sandy beaches, rocky bluffs, and scenic vistas. The coastline offers opportunities for swimming, beachcombing, and boating, as well as stunning sunrises over the lake.

Natural Resources:

Alcona County is rich in natural resources, including forests, wetlands, wildlife habitats, and abundant waterways, which support diverse ecosystems and contribute to the region’s economy and quality of life.

  • Forests: The county contains extensive forests, primarily consisting of hardwoods such as maple, oak, and beech, as well as conifers like pine and cedar. These forests provide habitat for wildlife, recreational opportunities such as hunting and hiking, and economic benefits through timber harvesting.
  • Wetlands: Alcona County contains several wetlands, including marshes, swamps, and bogs, which provide habitat for waterfowl, amphibians, and other wildlife. These wetlands also play a crucial role in filtering pollutants and maintaining water quality in the region’s rivers and lakes.
  • Wildlife: The diverse habitats of Alcona County support a wide variety of wildlife, including deer, black bear, coyote, bald eagles, osprey, and a variety of migratory birds. The county is also home to several state game areas and wildlife management areas, which provide opportunities for hunting, birdwatching, and wildlife viewing.

Cultural Significance:

Alcona County has a rich cultural heritage shaped by its history of settlement, logging, fishing, and outdoor recreation.

  • Lumber Industry: The county’s economy was historically driven by the lumber industry, with logging and sawmills playing a significant role in the region’s development. Historic sites such as the Harrisville Historic District and the Sturgeon Point Lighthouse Museum preserve the county’s logging heritage.
  • Fishing and Recreation: Fishing, boating, and outdoor recreation are popular activities in Alcona County, drawing visitors from near and far to enjoy the county’s natural beauty and abundant recreational opportunities. The county’s parks, campgrounds, and trails offer opportunities for hiking, camping, picnicking, and wildlife viewing.
  • Cultural Events: Alcona County hosts several cultural events and festivals throughout the year, celebrating the region’s heritage, natural resources, and community spirit. Events such as the Au Sable River Canoe Marathon, the Lost Lake Music Festival, and the Harrisville Arts and Crafts Show showcase the county’s cultural diversity and creativity.


Alcona County, Michigan, offers a diverse and picturesque landscape, rich in natural beauty, cultural heritage, and recreational opportunities. From its forests, rivers, and lakes to its rugged coastline along Lake Huron, the county invites visitors to explore and experience the unique charm of northeastern Michigan. Whether enjoying a day on the Au Sable River, fishing on Hubbard Lake, or hiking along the Lake Huron shoreline, Alcona County offers something for everyone to enjoy and appreciate in the heart of the Great Lakes region.