The Philippines is an island state with 7,640 islands, of which around 1,000
are larger than 1 km² and around 460 are larger than 2.5 km².
A total of eleven islands cover over 2,500 km². The Chinese South Pacific
stretches to the west of the Philippines and the Pacific to the east.
The Philippines was and is a deeply Catholic country. In 1995 the largest
gathering in honor of a Pope, John Paul II, took place here. In his honor,
between 4 and 5 million people gathered in Manila.
Before visiting Pope Benedict XVI. In late June 2006, the country's president,
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) signed a law abolishing the death
The death penalty had already been abolished in 1987 but was reintroduced in
1994. But it was not until 1999 that convicts were again executed with lethal
The then President Joseph Estrada issued a moratorium as early as 2000, so that
no one was executed afterwards. Even after Arroyo took office in 2001, there
were no more executions.
It should be noted that the island nation is more frequently hit by tropical
cyclones and is also known for President Rodrigo Duterte's rigorous fight
against drug addiction.
Every year on Good Friday dozens of men have themselves nailed to the cross
and then hang on the cross for a few minutes to commemorate the suffering of
Jesus. Others beat their backs bloody with whips for the same reason.
The center of this spectacle, tolerated by the Catholic Church, is the village
of San Pedro Cudud near Manila.
The capital of the country is Manila.
|Name of the country
||Republic of the Philippines
|Form of government
||Island nation in Southeast Asia
||around 107 million (Credit:
- 28% Tagalog
- 13% Cebuano
- 9% Llocano
- 7.5% Bisaya/Binisaya
- 7.5% Hiligaynon Ilonggo
- 6% Bikol
- 3.5% Waray
- 25.5% others
- 83% Roman Catholic
- 9% Protestants
- 5% Muslims
- 3% Buddhists
||Official languages: Filipino (based on Tagalog) and English;
English is the business language;
numerous local languages and dialects are also in use;
Spanish is hardly spoken.
||Manila with approx. 12 million residents
||The highest mountain in the country is Mount Apo,
a dormant volcano in Mindanao with a height of 2,954 m.
||Cagayan with a length of 350 km
||Laguna de Bay on Luzon with an area of 194 km².
|International license plate
||Philippine Peso (PHP)
|Time difference to CET
||+ 7 h
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||220 volts, 60 hertz
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
The Portuguese Fernão de Magalhães (Ferdinand Magellan), who lived from 1480
to 1521 and undertook his conquests and discoveries for Spain, discovered the
Philippines in 1521.
Abbreviationfinder website, the islands were named in 1554 after the Spanish King Philip II (1527 - 1598).
After the Spanish-American War in 1898, Spain had to cede the islands to the
USA, whereupon the Philippines had the status of an American colony from 1902 to
However, the Japanese occupied the islands between 1942 and 1945.
The Philippines gained independence from the United States on July 4, 1946, when
President Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (1917-1989), President of the country from
1965-1986, declared a state of emergency in the country in 1972. A year later, a
new constitution was proclaimed that gave the president more power. In the same
year the Moro National Liberation Front, a Muslim opposition movement, was
After the overthrow of President Marcos in 1986, Corazón Cojuangco Aquino (born
1933) was elected President and a new constitution was proclaimed at the same
time. Aquino ruled until 1992 and in the following years until 1989 there were
six attempted coups. In 1992 she declined to run for a possible further term in
favor of Fidel Ramos. After the election of Fidel Valdez Ramos (born 1928) as
president, reforms were carried out with regard to participation in opposition
groups and with regard to the economy and the environment. He held office until
After the election of Joseph Ejercito Estrada (born 1937) as president in 1998,
Muslim separatists and left-wing insurgents rebelled, as a result of which the
president was removed from office on January 20, 2001 and Vice-President Gloria
Macapagal Arroyo (born 1947) was appointed president. Arroyo was confirmed in
office on June 30, 2004.
During her reign, the kidnappings of tourists by Abu Sayaf supporters made
headlines around the world. The country took part in the American war in
Iraq. But after the kidnapping of a Filipino in Iraq in 2004, it bowed to the
demands of the kidnappers and withdrew the troops in favor of the kidnapper's
Due to the election of May 10, 2010, Benigno Aquino took over the office of
President from his predecessor Arroyo. Arroyo's term of office ended on June 30,
2010. Rodrigo Duterte (born 1945) has been President of the country since June