El Salvador, Spanish for "The Redeemer", is a country in Central America that
is located between Guatemala, Honduras and the Pacific Ocean and is located in
one of the most active earthquake regions on earth.
The geographic structure is characterized by a chain of volcanoes, the
highest representative of which is the 2,365 meter high Santa Ana in the west of
With a size almost identical to that of the German state of Hesse, the República
de El Salvador is also the smallest country in Central America.
The country, which is still marked by civil wars, has not yet been opened up
for tourism, but it has a huge number of wonderful nature and culture to offer
the interested visitor. In addition to the imposing volcanoes, the unreal lakes,
the fascinating geysers, the picturesque lagoons, the tropical forests and
nature parks, the country also invites you to visit the archaeological cultural
riches - stone symbols of a bygone era. In addition, El Salvador has a coastline
of over 300 kilometers on the Pacific Ocean.
Unfortunately, with 55 murders per 100,000 people in 2017, the country has a
very high murder rate and gang nuisance is widespread.
|Form of government
|Head of state
||the president is both head of state and head of government
||Saludemos la Patria orgullosos
||about 6.5 million (Credit:
El Salvador Population)
||about 90% mestizo, 9% have a European and 1% an
||about 80% belong to the Catholic Church, 15% are potentants
(evangelicals), the rest are Muslims, Jews, Anglicans and religiously
||San Salvador with about 1.8 million residents
||the 2,730 m high El Pital on the border with Honduras
||the 422 km long Rio Lempa with 320 km in El Salvador
||the 135 km² Suchitlán reservoir
|Time difference to CET
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||230/400 volts, 50 hertz
|Top Level Domain (TLD)
|International license plate
El Salvador: history
Independence of El Salvador
The Central American country known today as El Salvador was able to achieve
its independence from the former colonial power Spain on September 15,
1821. Since 1839, the small country has also been independent of the
"Confederación de Centroamérica", i.e. the "Central American Confederation".
Abbreviationfinder website, in 1882, the government of the country passed a law that removed the remnants of
indigenous communal land and thus encouraged the expansion of the coffee
plantations. The consequence of this massive intervention was that up to the
turn of the century, 90% of all estates belonged to only 0.01% of the total
population. Opposite them were the farmers, most of whom were landless and lived
in extreme poverty.
"La Matanza" and the "Football War"
After General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, Minister of
Defense of El Salvador, had carried out a coup in 1930 and took power in the
state, he had a bloody rebellion suppressed in 1932, led by indigenous Pipil
farmers and directed by Agustín Farabundo Martí, the Leader of
the country's communist party. 30,000 deaths were the sad result of this
measure, which Farabundo also fell victim to and which became generally
notorious as "la Matanza" (= "the massacre"). La Mantanza represents the fall of
the indigenous peoples of El Salvador.
In 1969 the small country was involved in the so-called "football war"
with Honduraswhich was triggered by the fact that economic refugees from El
Salvador were blamed for the economic problems in the country by the government
of Honduras. The 300,000 or so Salvadorans who crossed the border
into Honduras have taken possession of the land lying fallow in the border
regions without legally acquiring it. The pent-up tensions discharged on July
14, 1969, after violent clashes during both countries' World Cup qualifiers had
resulted in deaths. The war lasted only 4 days, but it cost 3,000 lives. It
could only be resolved through mediation attempts by the Organization of
Civil War in El Salvador
Between 1980 and 1991, El Salvador sank in a bloody civil war that cost
around 75,000 dead and billions in destruction over the entire eleven
years. Although the actual trigger of the war was the murder of the liberation
theologian Oscar Romero, there had already been strong social
tensions in the country beforehand, which resulted from the considerable gap in
prosperity in the country. The corrupt and brutal regime found support in
the US President Ronald Reagan, to whom it was ideologically
connected and to whom he not only sent military instructors, but also delivered
military equipment. The civil war ended with the Chapultepec Peace
Accords. While the rebel army FMLN was demobilized in 1992, the state army was
halved. It was also decided to create democratic, civil and human rights
institutions in the country under international surveillance.
El Salvador after the civil war until today
Indeed, after the end of the civil war, El Salvador has apparently
evolved from an authoritarian regime to a democratic state structure. A clear
step towards a real democratic situation was the election victory of the
moderate left politician Mauricio Funes of the FMLN in the election of the
president on March 15, 2009.
Funes won with around 51% of the votes against his rival from the right-wing
Salvador Sánchez Cerén of the ruling Farabundo Martí Liberation Front (FMLN)
has been president of the country since June 1, 2014.