Lower Zambezi National Park
This park is located about 100 km downstream from the Victoria Falls, on the north bank of the Zambezi. Biodiversity includes elephants, hippos, buffalo, zebras, lions, leopards and birds. Canoe safaris, fishing (tiger fish and perch) and bird watching are offered.
Kazanka National Park
This is one of the smallest parks in the country, covering an area of 390 sq km. A total of eight lakes and four rivers run through the park. The varied landscape includes forests and swamps, a habitat for numerous mammals and the rare shoebill stork. Other animal species represented here are e.g. B. Elephant, hippopotamus, Hartebeest (antelope species), sable, bush and reed buck, water buffalo and hyena.
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Sumbu National Park
There are three year-round beach resorts on the sandy shores of Lake Tanganyika in Kasaba, Ndole and Nkamba Bays, and there is also a self-catering camp in Ndole Bay. You can swim, sunbathe or fish. Game drives into the bush can be organised. Afternoon tea and beach barbecues are offered at Kasaba Bay Lodge, and there is also a bar. At Nkamba Bay Lodge you will find the same facilities but you will be accommodated in separate round houses.
Lochinvar National Park
A unique variety of bird species is at home here. A lodge is open all year round. The Ngwisho Hot Springs are one of the oldest archaeological sites in Central Africa.
Zambezi raft trips are becoming increasingly popular. From Victoria Falls you can take a seven-day trip to Lake Kariba. Shorter white water rafting safaris are also available.
North Luangwa National Park
One of Africa’s most spectacular parks, known for its large herds of buffalo. The wooded park is criss-crossed by small rivers such as the idyllic Mwaleshi. Hikes pass by elephant, leopard, wild cat, hyena, puku (species of antelope), impala, zebra, baboon and velvet monkey. Over 350 bird species are at home here, e.g. B. the royal heron, the crested loerie, the crimson bee-eater and the great eagle owl.
Kafue National Park
Located in the middle of the southern half of the country, this 22,500 sq km park is one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries in Africa. The park is divided by the Kafue River, which attracts hundreds of bird species. Eight-day safaris and hikes are offered. Accommodation is available throughout the year at Mukambi Lodge (no guided safaris during the rainy season from November to April), Lunga Cabins, Puku Pan, Musungwa Lodges and New Kalala Camp (full board). There are also various other self-catering camps during the high season.
South Luangwa National Park
Elephants, hippos, lions, zebras, giraffes, antelopes, buffaloes, monkeys and wild dogs make their home here. In the main rainy season, the trees and meadows are transformed into veritable carpets of flowers. The rainy season lasts from November/December to May. Lodges are available in Chichele, Mfuwe and Kapani (year round) and Luamfwa and Tundwe (dry season). Meals are provided at the lodges of Chibembe, Tena Tena and Kaingo Camp (dry season) and Chinzombo (all year round). Here, too, there are several camps without meals in the high season. The other facilities of the park include luxury double rooms in chalets with private bathroom and toilet, full board, bar and swimming pool.
The Zambian government has long recognized the economic importance of intact nature and is actively involved in nature conservation. Almost 9% of the country is nature and wildlife sanctuaries. Tourism is predominantly concentrated in 8 of the 19 parks: Sumbu, Kafue, Lochinvar, South Luangwa, Lower Zambezi, Kasanka, North Luangwa and Mosi-oa-Tunya; other parks so far offer few tourist facilities. Group safaris (6-8 people per vehicle) with experienced guides are the best way to get to know the African flora and fauna. Buffalo, elephant and antelope herds can be seen in the wild, as can lion and zebra. Rhinos, monkeys, baboons, wild boar, hippos and crocodiles can also be seen with a bit of luck. Birdlife is omnipresent; Lochinvar National Park alone is home to 400 different species. Flocks of waterfowl are always present on the alluvial plains and riverbanks, particularly in Lochinvar and Luangwa National Parks. Fishing is very popular and international fishing competitions are often held on the lakes.
Game is usually viewed from an open Land Rover, but hikes can be organized for up to six people. For security reasons, guides are armed. Night safaris are also offered.
All national parks can be reached by car or plane. To enter the parks, you have to buy a ticket at the main entrance between 09.00-18.00. Details from the Tourist Office.
Victoria Falls/Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park
This park is located on the border with Zimbabwe in the south of the country, where the imposing Victoria Falls attract visitors every year. The 2.5 km wide Zambezi falls 100 m deep into a narrow gorge. The small Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park is nearby and is home to the more common Zambian wildlife. In nearby Livingstone, the “tourist capital of Zambia”, there are several luxury hotels and a casino. The National Museum documents the history of the city and exhibits ethnological finds. The railway museum is also worth a visit.
The capital offers a good selection of nightclubs and cinemas. The Kabwata Cultural Village preserves local arts and crafts and various dances. The Cathedral of the Holy Cross and the Munda Wanga Botanical Garden and the Zoo are worth a visit.
Carvings, pottery, copperware, beadwork and precious stones. Shop opening times: Mon-Fri 08:00-17:00, Sat 08:00-13:00.
In Lusaka, dance, theater and cabaret performances are offered in the large hotels. Cinemas (including drive-in cinemas) provide further variety. There are casinos at the Intercontinental and Pamodzi. There is also evening entertainment, casinos and dancing in the Copperbelt region and Livingstone.
Local specialties include bream from the Zambezi, Kafue and Luapula rivers, as well as Nile perch, salmon and other freshwater fish. Beverages: Mosi, Rhino Lager and imported beers are always available.
A VAT of 16% is charged on hotel rooms.
There are campsites in the tourist centers and in the national parks, advance booking is recommended. If you book more than 4 weeks in advance, some tour operators require a 15% deposit. The high season is from June 1st to October 13th and from December 15th to January 4th and during the Easter period. In the off-season, prices are lower. Information can also be obtained from the Zambia National Tourist Board (see addresses).
50-75% Christianity is the state religion, 24-49% Islamic and Hindu minorities and 1% followers of natural religions.
Social Rules of Conduct
Social etiquette: If you visit more remote regions, you should expect friendly curiosity from the locals. They shake hands to greet each other. A small gift from the home country or the company is gladly accepted. Casual clothing is recommended. Smoking is prohibited in public buildings, bars, on public transport and in all public places. Taking photos: Be careful when choosing a subject, always ask permission first. Military installations may not be photographed. Tipping: 10% tax is added to all bills, tipping has been officially abolished in hotels. Nevertheless, sometimes 10% is added to the bill for service or a 10% tip is expected.
Best travel time
Tropical climate. Temperatures moderate due to elevation, except in the valleys. There are three seasons: the cool, dry winter from May to September; the hot dry season in October and November and the hot and humid rainy season from December to April.
Area (sq km)
18,383,955 (Source: homosociety)
Population density (per square km)
Population statistics year
Main emergency number