Aden ‘s history as a port city goes back a long way. The port was named in the biblical book of Ezekiel (ca. 6th century BC). The National Museum of Antiquities near Tawahi Harbor houses an interesting collection of pre-Islamic art. Crater, the oldest part of town, is in the crater of an extinct volcano. Here are the oldest buildings in the city. You can still see the Adentanks, rock deposits with an incredibly high water capacity. When it rains, the top tank fills first and then feeds the bottom ones.
There is also an Ethnographic Museum and a Military Museum in Crater. the Mosque of Sayyid Abdullah al-Aidrus (14th century) commemorates the patron saint of Aden. In Ma’allah, visitors can see traditional Arabic boats. South of Aden is Little Aden, also in a volcanic crater.
- Usprivateschoolsfinder: Offers description downloadable image of national flag for the country of Yemen. Also includes prehistory and history of this nation.
The Al-Mashrik mountains in the east of the country rise from 1100 m to 3000 m. The landscape gradually changes into sand dunes and the population density decreases.
Mareb was once the capital of the Kingdom of Sheba. Worth a visit is the Awwan Temple, said to be the temple of the Queen of Sheba. The hewn blocks of stone are the testament of the city. Southwest of Mareb is the mighty Mareb Dam, which was used for irrigation thousands of years ago . The dam was used until 570 AD, when the population settled in the north of the country. The impressive stone wall is 600 m long and 18 m thick.
The souks (markets) allow visitors to browse and shop for handicrafts. Nice souvenirs include foutah (national costumes), leather goods, jambia (daggers), candlesticks, scarves (woven with gold thread), amber, as well as colorful cushions and ceramics. Gold and silver work, spices, perfumes, Bukhur incense sticks with matching vessels and colorful mats are also very popular. Shop opening times: i. A. Sun-Thu 08.00-13.00 and 16.00-21.00.
Takes place mainly in the hotels (see accommodation).
Hotel restaurants and some private restaurants offer both international specialties (especially Indian and Chinese cuisine) and Arabic dishes. Seafood is particularly recommended. Haradha (a dish of minced meat with pepper) is extremely tasty. Drinks: Alcohol is not available everywhere, but is available in some hotels. It is forbidden to sell alcoholic beverages to Yemenis.
In Sana’a the offer ranges from 3 to 5 star hotels. There are some 3-star hotels in Taiz and Hodeida, and there is also a 3-star hotel in Mareb. In Aden, the tourist hotels (including two international standard hotels) are found in the Tawahi district. There are also hotels in Mukalla (al-Shaab), Seiyyum (al-Salaam), Shihr (al-Sharq), Mukheiras and Jaar. Accommodation is limited outside of the larger cities and resort areas. The spectrum generally ranges from old palace hotels and modern luxury hotels to funduks (inns) and nomad tents. Advance booking is recommended and written confirmation should be insisted on. 15% extra will be charged for service.
Campsites are available in Khokha and Mokha. More information from travel agencies in Sana’a.
Islam (majority: Sunnis, some Zaidis). Small Christian and Hindu minority.
Social Rules of Conduct
Traditional values are still an important part of everyday life today and visitors are greeted with traditional courtesy and hospitality. In the north, rifles are carried over the shoulder, complementing the traditional jambia. In the cities women are veiled with black or colored shawls, in the villages this is less common. Many residents chew khat, the leaves of a native shrub that have narcotic properties. They are chewed in markets and cafés, but mostly while sitting on cushions in the so-called Mafrai, at the top under the roof of a multi-storey building where social life takes place. Visitors should wear modest everyday clothing, business people are expected to wear suits. Men should wear a jacket and tie to social gatherings and to good restaurants. In public, women should cover themselves as much as possible. Swimwear and shorts should only be worn around the pool. Smoking is prohibited during the month of Ramadan. (See the Islam chapter in the appendix for more information.) Tipping: Waiters and taxi drivers expect 10-15%. Smoking is prohibited during the month of Ramadan. (See the Islam chapter in the appendix for more information.) Tipping: Waiters and taxi drivers expect 10-15%. Smoking is prohibited during the month of Ramadan. (See the Islam chapter in the appendix for more information.) Tipping: Waiters and taxi drivers expect 10-15%.
Best travel time
Varies depending on the altitude. Hot and dry on the coast all year round with temperatures between 34°-53°C. Warm in summer in the highlands, very cold at night in winter (October – March). Annual rainfall is very low. In desert areas there are large temperature differences between day and night. The most pleasant season is between October and April.
Area (sq km)
29,825,964 (Source: homosociety)
Population density (per square km)
Population statistics year
Main emergency number