According to Politicsezine, Vietnam shares its borders with China, Laos and Cambodia. The border with China is 1,281 km long and is the longest of all Vietnam’s borders. It follows the course of the Red River and then along the Gulf of Tonkin. This border has been in place since 111 BC when China first established it. The border with Laos is 2,130 km long and follows a winding course along the Annamite Mountains. It was first established in 1885 as part of the French colonial period. Finally, Vietnam shares a short border with Cambodia which is just over 500 km in length. This border was established in 1949 following a series of territorial disputes between the two countries.
In recent years, relations between Vietnam and its neighboring countries have been improving steadily. In 2000, Vietnam signed an agreement with China to maintain peace along their shared border. Since then, both countries have been working together to improve trade between them as well as to protect their shared environment from pollution or illegal activities such as smuggling or poaching wildlife. Similarly, relations between Vietnam and Laos have become much stronger over recent years due to increased cooperation on environmental protection issues as well as on security matters such as counter-terrorism efforts or controlling illegal immigration across their shared frontier. Finally, cooperative agreements have also been made between Vietnam and Cambodia over the past few years which aim to strengthen economic ties between them while also preserving their shared cultural heritage sites such as Angkor Wat or Preah Vihear Temple which are located near their common border area.
Government of Vietnam
According to programingplease, the Government of Vietnam is a socialist republic with a single-party system, led by the Communist Party of Vietnam. The government is headed by the Prime Minister and consists of the Council of Ministers, which is responsible for proposing legislation and implementing laws. The Parliament is responsible for approving laws and amendments to the Constitution. The judiciary is independent from the executive and legislative branches, with its own set of courts including the Supreme People’s Court and local courts.
The Vietnamese government has implemented a number of reforms in recent years in order to improve its economy. The most significant reform has been the implementation of Doi Moi, an economic liberalization program that has opened up Vietnam’s markets to international trade and investment. This has resulted in increased foreign direct investment in sectors such as manufacturing and services, as well as higher levels of economic growth. Additionally, the government has implemented policies aimed at promoting entrepreneurship, encouraging private sector development and modernizing state-owned enterprises.
In terms of social policy, the Vietnamese government has taken steps to reduce poverty and improve access to healthcare services for all citizens. It has also implemented policies aimed at reducing gender inequality by promoting gender equality in education opportunities and employment opportunities as well as increasing female representation in politics. Additionally, it has taken steps to promote religious freedom by allowing religious organizations to register with the government while still maintaining control over religious activities. Finally, it has sought to ensure environmental sustainability through various initiatives such as forest protection laws and sustainable energy development plans.
Recent Heads of Government of Vietnam
The current Prime Minister of Vietnam is Nguyen Xuan Phuc, who has held this position since 2016. He is a member of the Communist Party of Vietnam and has held many prominent positions in the government, including Chairman of the National Assembly, Minister of Home Affairs, and Deputy Prime Minister. He is credited with leading Vietnam to become one of the fastest-growing economies in Southeast Asia.
Nguyen Xuan Phuc’s predecessor was Nguyen Tan Dung, who served as Prime Minister from 2006 to 2016. During his tenure, he implemented several economic reforms that helped spur economic development in Vietnam. He also worked to improve relations with other countries through international trade agreements and diplomatic visits. Additionally, he oversaw the start of negotiations for a Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement between Vietnam and other countries in the region. Ultimately, he left office with an approval rating among Vietnamese citizens at an all-time high.
Major Political Parties in Vietnam
The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) is the only political party in Vietnam. The CPV was founded in 1930 and is the ruling party of the country. It is based on Marxist-Leninist ideology and socialism, as well as a commitment to pursuing economic development and social justice. The CPV has an estimated 4 million members, making it one of the largest political parties in the world. It is organized into provincial and municipal branches, with a central committee that meets twice a year to discuss policy and make decisions. The CPV also controls all state media outlets, including newspapers, television stations, and radio stations.
The CPV’s main rival is the Democratic Party of Vietnam (DPV), which was founded in 2006. The DPV advocates for multi-party democracy and free market reforms, while still maintaining Vietnam’s socialist foundations. It has around 400,000 members and is organized into local branches throughout the country. The DPV has won several seats in local elections since its founding, but it still lacks nationwide influence due to its smaller size compared to the CPV. In recent years, several other minor parties have been formed but they remain small at this time with limited influence on national politics.