The basis for this selection is the report produced by the non-governmental organization Transparency International , based in Berlin and founded in 1993, which analyzes 176 countries on all continents. The report analyzes perceived corruption rates among countries’ politicians and civil servants, with a score of up to 100, and the lower the grade then, the greater the perception of corruption. For Brazilians, it is striking that the country is not part of this selection, among the 10 most corrupt countries in the world. With a total of 44 points, it occupies the 69th position. The reason is that Brazilians already feel tired and full of indignation with news and corruption scandals commonplace. This has opened access to information and made clearer and more transparent the actions taken by companies, politicians, and the result for the population as a whole. But we are far from achieving the ideal. Source: naturegnosis.com
10. HAITI – NOTE 19
Haiti deals with corruption issues, just remember former President Jean-Claude Duvalier, popular as Baby Doc, regarding the trial for embezzlement and corruption. He replaced François Duvalier, his father, known as Papa Doc, in 1971. Papa Doc was blamed for the deaths of thousands of people and torture. Some 20 to 30,000 people are estimated to have been murdered in both Father and Baby Doc’s governments.
9. VENEZUELA – NOTE 19
To imagine a share of corruption in Venezuela, the former Chavista mayor was arrested on suspicion of corruption in the country, Numa Rojas, a post he held in Maturín. The charges weigh on corruption in his administration between 2005 and 2009. The then Chavista mayor of Valencia, Edgardo Parra, on suspicion of corruption in the government received detention, the process of Maduro’s anti-corruption crusade. This one that promised to reinforce, in 2014, the fight against corruption.
8. IRAQ – NOTE 18
Even after a decade of Saddam Hussein’s capture, the country bears the brunt of the dictator’s inheritance that has been executed in sanctions, bureaucracy, corruption, conflict and repression, making it difficult to rebuild Iraq. Corruption and nepotism dominate Iraqi society, even with increasing weight for regional diplomacy and international economy. Iraq suffers from conflicts between regions and internals that arose with Saddam Hussein.
7. SOUTH SUDAN – NOTE 17
Although South Sudan occupies the seventh position in this selection, there is a fight against corruption for success in the country, as corruption and embezzlement of public resources have already marked the nation; According to James Igga, there has been an anti-corruption commission since 2006.
6. TURKMENISTAN – NOTE 17
In sixth position among the 10 most corrupt countries in the world is Turkmenistan, which is a presidential republic, in which Turkanbashi, president is head of state and government with almost absolute control of the country. The country was for 69 years part of the Soviet Union, with declaration of independence in 1991.
5. MYANMAR – NOTE 15
The highlight is for military dictatorship regime for 4 decades in the country. And repression, arbitrary arrest, and persecution of opponents are common situations in Myanmar. The population lacks laws and constitution, with a non-independent judiciary, linked to the executive branch. Political repression and human rights abuses have included the country on the UN Security Council’s agenda.
4. SUDAN – NOTE 13
This country is the authoritarian republic with centralized power of President Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir, who has been in power since the 1989 military coup along with his party. The situation is critical of the Darfur Conflict, where since 2003 the Darfur region has witnessed the Janjaweed’s extermination of the population there.
3. AFGHANISTAN – NOTE 8
UN agency research has revealed that corruption is more common in rural than in urban areas in northern and southern Afghanistan. Although almost 40% of the population believe that the payment of the bribe is commonplace.
2. NORTH KOREA – NOTE 8
North Korea’s troubled history is not new to the world, and there is no wonder that North Korea ranks second in the 10 most corrupt countries in the world. North Korea is described as self-sufficient, but some analysts describe it as an absolutist monarchy, or hereditary dictatorship.
1. SOMALIA – NOTE 8
The situation in Somalia has been decimated by the civil war since 1991, and the population needs to follow strict rules for survival. The war with Ethiopia has created thousands of refugees and serious economic crisis, survived by aid from abroad. The coups d’état were sequential from 1978 onwards, with dictatorship regime implemented later. In 2000 a transitional national government was created, but the various factions dividing the country remained distant.