Around 25 million people of African origin live outside the black continent, but there are also Afro-descendants who have been born all over the world. Proof of this, you give this selection of the 10 countries with the largest black population outside of Africa. In the near future, the African population will increase, reaching around 40% of the world population by the end of this century. The selection is created using as source data from the Institute for Cultural Diplomacy on Diaspora Africa in the world. Source: hyperrestaurant.com
10. CUBA – BLACK POPULATION 1,126,894
In 2012, the Census showed that black people constituted 9.26% of the total population. Africans arrived in Cuba during the 16th and 17th century, when the country was a Spanish colony. Currently, blacks living in Cuba face different forms of discrimination, from underrepresentation in politics, academia, the private sector to high unemployment and poverty, and Cuba is the tenth position in this selection of the 10 countries with the largest black population outside Africa .
9. UNITED KINGDOM – BLACK POPULATION 2,015,400
Black and ethnic minority communities have increased since the last decade in the UK and will continue to rise, so by 2050, a third of the UK population will belong to these groups.
8. VENEZUELA – BLACK POPULATION 2,641,481 – 6,999,926
Although there is a general impression that there is no racism in Venezuela, the predominant discrimination of people based on their skin color proves the opposite. As in other countries of the selection, Afro-descendants are under-represented in structures of power. In recent years, Hugo Chavez, the former president who died in 2013, tried to mitigate the effects of discrimination.
7. JAMAICA – BLACK POPULATION 2,731,419
With nearly 3 million residents of African origin, Jamaica is one of the 3 countries in the selection where the black population represents the majority. Africans came to the island during the Spanish and English rule as slaves, and Jamaica is seventh in the ranks of the 10 countries with the largest black population outside Africa.
6. FRANCE – BLACK POPULATION, AROUND 5,000,000
France bans searches of data on race of residents, ethnicity and religion, which is the reason there are no official records on the exact number of black people living in the country. Blacks living in France are of African or Caribbean origin. The black community in the country has faced decades of discrimination and marginalization, and in recent years has manifested its revolt through a series of violent incidents in the streets of Paris.
5. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC – BLACK POPULATION 7,985,991
The terms black, black community, and black culture are rarely used, as most residents insist on their European and Indian roots. The reasons why Dominicans neglect their African heritage can be traced back to the time of colonization when white Europeans were superior and as such a desirable object of identification.
4. HAITI – BLACK POPULATION 8,701,439
The black population, which is estimated at around 9 million, accounts for 95% of the total population. The country is the first in the Western Hemisphere to abolish slavery and elect a black leader. Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who led the slave revolution against colonizers, defeated French troops, which allowed Haiti to declare independence on January 1, 1804, which is now celebrated as Independence Day. Currently, Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the world .
3. COLOMBIA – BLACK POPULATION 9,452,872
In the country, whose recent history has been marked by armed conflicts, indigenous and Afro communities, suffered more. More than a third of the displaced people in Colombia have fled the Pacific Coast, which is mainly inhabited by these 2 groups. Although they constitute a large percentage of the population, Colombians with African roots have struggled against different forms of discrimination, acute poverty and violence, with Colombia ranking third in the selection of the 10 countries with the largest black population outside Africa.
2. UNITED STATES – BLACK POPULATION 38,499,304
Currently, around 38 and a half million black people live in the United States, which represents 12.61% of the total population. It is estimated that by 2060, the black population in the United States will reach 74.5 million. Compared to whites, the black community earns much less, faces higher unemployment rates and risks of poverty, has lower educational attainment and poorer health care. In addition, police violence against blacks has fueled a series of protests across America. In the year 2015, 6.46 blacks per million were killed by the police, compared with 2.71 whites, and 3.06 Latinos.
1. BRAZIL – BLACK POPULATION 85,783,143
With almost 86 million residents of African origins, Brazil ranks as the leader of the 10 countries with the highest black population outside Africa. As in the United States, the black community in Brazil is often subject to police violence. In addition, the data show that the majority of homicide victims are Afro-Brazilian, while Afro adolescents are 3 times more likely to be killed compared to their white peers.