In 2008 Saudi Prince Bandar Bin Sultan, known for his close ties to the CIA and the Israeli Mossad, devised a plan backed by $ 2 billion to overthrow the government of Bashar al-Assad. The plan was intended to establish five types of networks:
- Network of young university graduates who would be provided small sums of money, rented vehicles, mobile phones and an Internet connection.
- Network made up of criminals and criminals, especially non-Syrians, who would receive training to promote acts of violence and vandalism.
- Network of young people under 22 years of age who would be mobilized through a campaign aimed at exacerbating hostile feelings towards the Syrian President by presenting him as a threat to their sects and their existence.
- Syrian bankers and merchants network will be linked with some European Embassies under the pretext of maintaining commercial relations with these countries.
The portal WikiLeaks revealed a cable the State Department of the United States stating that Washington financed secretly opposition groups in Syria, as well as an opposition station to the government of Syrian President Bashar el-Assad A.
In the Syrian province of Daraa, a group of mercenaries paid by Israel, Qatar and Saudi Arabia murdered several residents of the region and barricaded themselves in a mosque where the authorities confronted them. Other mercenaries infiltrated the demonstrations that took place in Daraa and Homz demanding political reform and the repeal of the emergency law, in force since 1963.
Later there were demonstrations in some Syrian cities at the call of Saudi and Egyptian preachers through Al-Jazeera requesting the establishment of an Islamic regime.  Several protesters of the sectarian current of Sunnism demanded the resignation of President al-Assad, for belonging to the Alawite minority, so the rejection was for religious and not political reasons. The president prohibited the security forces, the police and the army from using firearms in any circumstance in which there was the slightest possibility of injuring civilians. 
The 8 of July of 2011 the ambassadors of the United States and France in Syria, entered the city of Hama to support anti – government demonstrations. In response, an angry crowd entered the US Embassy, smashing windows and placing a Syrian flag on the facade of the building. The same happened at the French Embassy, which suffered two attacks.
As a country located in Middle East according to TRANSPORTHINT.COM, Syria summoned the ambassadors of those countries, accusing them of a “clear interference in Syrian internal affairs and a confirmation of the existence of foreign support that wants to destabilize the security and stability of the country at a time when the intended national dialogue begins. to build the future of Syria. ”
Since July 31, the city had been practically taken over by groups of armed extremists accompanied by violent mobs. The riots lasted until August 8 and caused looting, material destruction and crimes such as the dismemberment of the bodies of 17 dead police officers. Subsequently, sporadic night attacks against police patrols and military checkpoints continued to occur.
Following the alleged continuing human rights violations in Syria, the Arab League requested the dispatch of a UN interposition force to that country.  Syria rejected the proposal on the grounds that it is a violation of its sovereignty that provides Western powers the opportunity to seek a military response to the issue, which is in direct contradiction to the double Russian and Chinese veto on February 4, 2012.
Coinciding with the withdrawal of mercenaries who served as instructors to the so-called “Free Syrian” Army, the Libyan Abdelhakim Belhaj number 2 of Al Qaeda was seen at the head of the latter, which coincides with the statements of the Egyptian Ayman al-Zawahari, number 1 of Al-Qaeda since the official death of Osama bin Laden.  The “Arab Times” newspaper, published in Kuwait, published a front page headline on February 13, 2012 stating that the Arab League and Al-Qaeda want help for the rebels. 
After the pro-war western media published on February 4, 2012, that the bombings in Homs had caused more than 200 deaths among the civilian population and constant human rights violations, the UN General Assembly approved the February 17 a draft resolution on Syria proposed by Egypt that holds only the Syrian government responsible for the crisis in that country and its consequences. [fifteen]
In reality, the 160 observers from the 22 member countries of the Arab League verified the difference between the version of events defended by Westerners and the reality on the scene.  When the League dismissed the report of its own observers, the Algerian Minister of State and Secretary General of the National Liberation Front (FLN), Abedelaziz Belkhadem, criticized the attitude assumed by this organization and considered that it should be thoroughly reviewed. 
On February 4, Russia and China vetoed a new resolution on the conflict in the UN Security Council that only condemned the Syrian government and made no mention of terrorist violence. Previously, another resolution had been vetoed by both countries.
Russia and China, as members with the right to veto, vetoed this resolution, considering it unbalanced. The subsequent western reaction was classified by Sergey Lavrov, Russian Foreign Minister, as “hysterical”, while Hillary Clinton announced that the US would seek a way to act outside the UN, which shows that the US is only seeking to overthrow Al Assad.
Even former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger has recognized the support of the majority of the Syrian people for its president, Bashar Al Assad, calling him impressive.
Despite the majority support of the population for the government, the Pentagon drew up plans for a military intervention in Syria, which would be coordinated with Turkey, the Gulf States and the NATO powers. 
On February 24 he was appointed the former Secretary General of the UN Kofi Annan as a special envoy of the UN and the Arab League for Syria, in a bid to seek a peaceful solution to the conflict.  Annan tried to achieve a peace compromise between the contenders, but faced with the impossibility of achieving it, he resigned from his mission in August 2012  .
The 26 of February of 2012 89.4 percent of Syrians approved the new Constitution, the cornerstone to legitimize the comprehensive reforms promoted by the government of President Bashar al-Assad to. [twenty-one]