You can browse wonderfully at the El Rastro flea market in Madrid, which is open on Sundays from 9 am to 3 pm in the La Latina district between Calle Embajadores and Ronda de Toledo. In Catalonia there are weaving mills whose textiles are known all over the world. Barcelona is the city of fashion. Spanish leather and suede goods are of high quality. Outstanding handmade furniture is one of the most beautiful products. You can experience the typical Spanish way of life when shopping in a market hall. The San Miguel market in Madrid and La Boqueria in Barcelona are packed with stalls selling fresh fruit and vegetables, as well as typical Spanish food.
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Mon-Sat 09.30/10.00-13.30 and 16.30-20.00/21.00. Large department stores and shopping centers open Mon-Sat 10am-9pm/10pm and a few Sundays a year. Most shopping Sundays are in high season. The siesta between 2 p.m. and 4 p.m. no longer has to be observed. On the coast, shops close after 10 p.m. in high season.
In the big cities there are nightclubs, cafes and restaurants. Every city and resort has its own entertainment offerings. The spectrum ranges from flamenco and similar folk dances to discotheques. The entertainment program generally starts very late and ends early in the morning.
The best way to get started with Spanish cuisine is to try tapas (snacks). The offer ranges from cheese and olives to squid and meat specialties. Regional specialties are more likely to be found inland than on the coast. In the Basque Country, try Vizcaina cod or Pil-pil cod, Angulas (young eels from Aguinaga), perch and squid. Asturias offers the fabada bean soup, numerous types of cheese and the best cider in Spain. In Galicia you should try shellfish, especially in stews. Hake à la Gallega is also recommended. The paella of the eastern regions certainly deserves its good reputation. There are numerous versions with poultry, seafood, rabbit and other meats. Excellent specialties of Catalonia include lobster Catalan, sausage with beans and partridge with cabbage. Castile specializes in roast lamb, beef, veal and suckling pig. Andalusian cuisine features gazpacho, a delicious vegetable soup served cold, as well as numerous fish dishes such as Fresh anchovies and Jabugo ham from Huelva are recommended. Restaurants are subject to government regulations and are divided into categories. Numerous restaurants offer daily menus (Menú del día). Drinks: Sherry is one of the most important export goods. The English word is an anglicized name for the city of Jerez, where the wine trade with England began. The four best-known types are: fino (light and very dry), amontillado (dry, full-bodied and darker in color), oloroso (semi-sweet, full-bodied, aromatic and golden-colored) and dulce (sweet). Sanlúcar de Barrameda and Puerto de Santa María are also known for their sherry. The most famous table wines are Rioja and Valdepeñas, which are named after their regions of origin. Rioja is mainly grown in the Logroño region in the northeast and is similar to French Bordeaux wines. Valdepeñas is a pleasantly hearty, somewhat rougher country wine. It is best enjoyed in the region where it is grown, halfway between Madrid and Cordóba. The Catalonian wines Ampurdán and Perelada are rather heavy and either sweet or quite tart. An exception is the excellent and full-bodied Penedés, which is similar to the Burgundy. Wine from Alicante is dry and is often served as a light aperitif. Excellent wines also come from the region around Murcia and from Castile, such as the red Ribera del Duero. Open house wine (vino de la casa) is usually a very good, slightly cheaper alternative. The local sparkling wines are called Champan or Cava, the most popular brands in the wide range are Codorniú and Freixenet, dry or semi-dry. Spain has a wide range of excellent mineral waters. Lanjarón (still or sparkling) from the city of the same name, Vichy Catalan, Malavella and Font Vella are very popular.
Roman Catholic (94%); Muslim, Protestant and Jewish minorities.
Social Rules of Conduct
Manners: When greeting someone shakes hands. The usual courtesy formulas should be observed, e.g. B. in the case of invitations from the hosts about a small gift. Flowers are only given on special occasions. Clothing: Casual clothing is generally accepted. In some hotels and restaurants, men are expected to wear a jacket and tie. Evening wear is only required for particularly formal events. Swimwear belongs without exception on the beach. Smoking: Smoking is prohibited in all public facilities, on public transport, in telephone booths and rooms where ATMs are located, as well as in children’s playgrounds and schoolyards. Smoking is also prohibited around public buildings such as schools, hospitals and kindergartens. The smoking ban also applies in all gastronomic facilities and bars. Smoking zones in guest rooms are no longer permitted. Only hotels are allowed to offer smoking rooms. Smoking is prohibited on certain beaches such as the Canary Islands, including Las Canteras beach in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, some beaches in the Balearic Islands, the Basque Country, Galicia, Andalusia, Valencia and from July 1st 2022 in Catalonia the beaches of Barcelona. Tip: Service charge is i. Generally included in hotel and restaurant bills, although it is customary to leave a small tip for room staff and waiters. Porters receive a small fee per piece of luggage. If you decide to tip, are given in gastronomy between 5-10%. If the waiter returns the change, the guest leaves the tip. However, it is considered extremely impolite to leave small amounts such as two or five cent coins lying around. In the taxi, the fare is rounded up.
Best travel time
Highland climate 680 m above sea level Mediterranean and Atlantic climate on the coasts. The climate varies from temperate in the north to hot and dry in the south. In midsummer it can get very hot, especially in the interior of the country, but in winter it can be quite cold, especially in the north and on the central plateau.
The best time to visit the north of Spain is in summer. Spring and autumn are the best times to travel to Madrid, Barcelona, the Balearic Islands and the Spanish Riviera. The Canary Islands are a popular travel destination all year round.
Area (sq km)
46,747,840 (Source: homosociety)
Population density (per square km)
Population statistics year
Member of the EU
Main emergency number