Natural Sights in Madeira Islands, Portugal

Natural Sights in Madeira Islands, Portugal

Europe

The Madeira National Reserve was established in 1982 to preserve the natural heritage of the island. Unique species of plants and animals are protected here, some of which are close to extinction. The reserve occupies 2/3 of the island and includes both strictly protected areas and recreation areas. It is divided into several separate reserves.

According to Aviationopedia, Ilhas Desertas is located on small islands south of Madeira. The reserve covers an area of 1421 hectares and was created to protect the seal colony. Security measures in the area are quite strict – no scuba diving; in order to land on a boat, you need a special permit from the management of the reserve.

The Ilhas Selvagens Reserve was established in 1971 and is one of the oldest reserves in the country. Ilhas Selvagens includes two groups of small islands, the most notable of which are Selvagem Grande, Selvagem Pequena and Ilheu de Fora, with impressive untouched flora. Of the 90 animal species found on these islands, 10 are endemic. The islands are 300 km away from Madeira and are the southernmost territory belonging to Portugal. Due to favorable conditions, they are also home to a large number of seabirds.

The Parcial do Garajau is located on the south coast of Madeira. This is a marine park that includes the area from the coastline to a depth of 50 m. It is home to large fish and many coastal species. Groups of the largest manta rays (manta birostris) can be seen in the area every year. Mantas move perfectly in the water, waving their “wings” with ease and grace. Their ability to jump out of the water is well known. At the same time, they can rise 1.5 m above its surface. The sound of a large specimen falling onto the water is heard like thunder and is heard at a distance of several hundred meters. The slopes have turned the park into a place of international pilgrimage.

Rocha do Navio is the youngest reserve, which was created in 1997 at the request of the local population. It includes a sea strip where the sea wolf is found, and a small island on which rare plants grow.

A large number of parks have been created in Madeira. It is worth visiting the Botanical Garden, where more than 200 species of plants grow from all over the world; Parrot Park, Funchal Ecological Park, Ribeiro Frio Forest Park, Queimadas Forest Reserve, Quinta das Cruzes, Quinta da Magnólia and Quinta da Boa Vista Gardens with a large number of unique plants, Monte Palace Tropical Garden, Quinta do Arco Rose Garden, which grows about 100 types of roses, city park in the center of Funchal. One of the most interesting places for walking is the Laurissilva Forest, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It covers an area of 15 thousand hectares, and its age is calculated in thousands of years. In the preglacial era, all of Europe was covered with such forests. Paul da Serra is the birthplace of 25 waterfalls, the largest of which reaches a height of 100 meters. Madeira

has a large number of parks. It is worth visiting the Botanical Garden, where more than 200 species of plants grow from all over the world; Parrot Park, Funchal Ecological Park, Ribeiro Frio forest park, Queimadas forest reserve, Quinta das Cruzes, Quinta da Magnólia and Quinta da Boa Vista gardens with a large number of unique plants, Monte Palace tropical garden, Quinta do Arco Rose garden with about 100 types of roses, city park in the center of Funchal. One of the most interesting places for walking is the Laurissilva Forest, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It covers an area of 15 thousand hectares, and its age is calculated in thousands of years. In the preglacial era, all of Europe was covered with such forests.

There are a lot of tourist routes on the island, which you can walk on your own, or you can book an excursion. The most popular tour in Madeira is a walking tour along the levadas – irrigation canals built to irrigate the land during the development of the island. A stone path is usually made along the levadas.

To explore Madeira in detail, you can book an 8-day island tour with a personal guide and transport.

The water park in the town of Santa Cruz is ready to receive more than 1000 tourists a day. The complex includes indoor and outdoor slides, 2 swimming pools (one of them is for children), an artificial river, a bar.

A favorite pastime for tourists is the descent on a sleigh from the peak of Mante to Funchal. You can take a half-day boat trip on a copy of the ship of Christopher Columbus.

Natural Sights in Madeira Islands, Portugal