Silverware (especially in Taxco), pottery, wool blankets (sarapes), colorful wool or silk scarves (rebozos), richly embroidered charro hats, sombreros, gold and silver jewellery, glassware, handicrafts made of wood, tin and copper, leather, lacquer and wicker, onyx, men’s shirts made of cotton voile (guayaberas), white dresses (huipiles) embroidered with colorful floral designs sold in markets, and hammocks. The best shopping is in Mexico City, Cuernavaca, Taxco, San Miguel de Allende, Acapulco, Guadalajara, Oaxaca, Mérida and Campeche. Shop opening times: Mexico City: Mon-Sat 9am-8pm. Outside the capital: Mon-Fri 09.00-14.00 and 16.00-20.00.
- Top-engineering-schools: Provides detailed population data for major cities of Mexico. Also covers geography information including rivers, mountains, lakes, and national borders.
Mexico City offers a variety of shopping and entertainment options. Some of the best restaurants and bars are in the hotels. The nightlife offers something for everyone: well-known entertainers, international shows, jazz and rock groups, traditional Mexican music and dance performances, Spanish flamenco dancers and gypsy music. The impressive light show with fantastic sound effects in the “City of the Gods”, Teotihuacan, one of the most famous cult and archaeological sites in Mexico, is an unforgettable experience. Performances every night from October to May.
Table and/or counter service in bars. Specialties are turkey mole, a sauce made from pepperoni, tomatoes, peanuts, chocolate, almonds, onions and garlic. Guacamole is a spicy avocado, red pepper, onion, and tomato sauce served with turkey, chicken, or tortillas (thin cornmeal pancakes). Enchiladas and tacos (crispy tamales with a variety of fillings including pork, chicken, vegetables or cheese, and pepperoni) and tamales are also recommended. Each region has its own specialties. International dishes are on the menu in most hotel restaurants in the larger cities. Drinks: Imported spirits are expensive. There is a wide variety of Mexican beers. The well-known tequila is made from the Maguey cactus. It is not only part of numerous cocktails, but is also drunk pure with a pinch of salt and a slice of lemon. Mexico’s coffee liqueur Kahlúa is world famous. There are good white wines (Hidalgo, Domecq and Derrasola) and excellent reds (Los Reyes and Calafia).
The enormous growth of the tourism sector in Mexico is also reflected in the increasing range of accommodation options. The most important international and national hotel chains are represented as well as renowned spa hotels and holiday ranches. Hotel reservations should be confirmed in writing as rates change frequently. It is advisable to book in advance, especially in the high season. Each hotel is required to post official rates, and meals are generally not included in the rate. For more information from the Mexican Hotel and Motel Association, contact: Mexican Hotel and Motel Association, Balderas 33-414, Col. Centro, CP 06040, MX-México, DF. (tel: (55) 55 10 86 14,
Unlike in the rest of Mexico, you can camp and hike in the national parks free of charge and without special permits. Camping is permitted anywhere within the parks. Further information from the tourist office or from the central information point of the national parks. Most campsites are outside of the national parks. The west coast and Baja California are particularly popular with camping holidaymakers. Campgrounds on the western Pacific coast have excellent amenities, while campgrounds in Baja California are more remote and less well-equipped.
76.5% Roman Catholic; Protestant, Jewish and Bahai minorities.
Social Rules of Conduct
Manners: When greeting someone shakes hands. Clothing: Comfortable casual clothing is accepted everywhere during the day. In the seaside resorts, the dress code for both men and women is very informal, men are not required to wear a tie anywhere. Hotels and restaurants in Mexico City expect smart attire. Smoking is prohibited on public transport, in catering establishments, schools, taxis, airports and bus stations. Tipping: Service charge is sometimes included in the bill. The staff needs the tip to make a living. You should give 15% if you are satisfied. When the taxi driver helps to load or unload the luggage or waits for the passenger,
Best travel time
Three climate zones.
A tropical climate prevails in the coastal regions, in the lowlands of southern Mexico and on the Yucatán Peninsula ( Tierra Caliente ).
Temperate climate at altitudes between 800 and 2000 m (in the highlands, however, temperatures drop sharply at night). While the southern tip of Baja California is tropical, northern Baja California is dominated by a cool rainy season in winter, when the thermometer can even drop below zero.
At altitudes over 2000 m ( Tierra Fria, Mexico City ) mountain climate. It’s cool, the temperatures are around 15°C. The amount of precipitation varies from region to region. It rains more on the coasts than in the higher-lying interior.
Even though Mexico is a popular year-round travel destination, most trips are booked during the dry season from October to April.
Area (sq km)
128,932,753 (Source: homosociety)
Population density (per square km)
Population statistics year
Main emergency number