Trocaire College

Local Community Colleges in New York

Colleges North America

Offers a list of all two-year community colleges and technical schools within New York, including brief introduction and official website address.

New York, New York

New York City is the largest city in the United States and is located at the mouth of the Hudson River in the state of New York. The city itself has a land area of ​​approximately 789 square kilometers and has 8,622,698 residents (U.S. Census, 2017). The metropolitan area of New York consists of the city of New York, Long Island, the lower Hudson Valley in the state of New York, the five largest cities in New Jersey (including Newark and Jersey City), six of the largest cities in Connecticut (including Bridgeport, New Haven and Stamford) as well as five counties in Pennsylvania. This area is approximately 34,500 square kilometers and, with its 20,320,876 residents (U.S. Census, 2017), is the most populous urban region in the United States.

New York is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world, although the number of foreign-born is significantly lower today than before. More than 37 percent (2014) were born outside the United States. Previously, the largest groups were of Italian, German, Russian, Polish or Irish descent, while most are now from the Dominican Republic, China, Mexico, Guyana, Jamaica, Ecuador and Haiti. The Jewish population numbers about 1.5 million, half of whom live in Brooklyn. There are more than 20,000 residents of Norwegian origin in New York.

Administrative division

The city has, since 1898, consisted of five boroughs, boroughs : 1) Manhattan (which includes the original New York), an island between the Hudson River and the East River. 2) The Bronx, located northeast of Manhattan, is the only part of New York located on the mainland (yet separate from that of the Harlem River). 3) Queens, which with its approximately 280 square miles is the largest district, is located on the west end of Long Island. 4) Brooklyn with about 2.6 million residents (2014) is the most populous district. It is also located on Long Island, south and west of Queens, separated from Manhattan by the East River. 5) Staten Island(formerly Richmond), an island separated from Long Island by The Narrows and from New Jersey by the straits of Arthur Kill and Kill Van Kull.

In the upper reaches of New York Bay, Upper New York Bay, are three federally managed islands: Governors Island at the entrance to the East River, Liberty Island with the famous Statue of Liberty or Statue of Liberty, and Ellis Island, with the former immigration station. Ellis Island now forms, together with Liberty Island, the so-called Statue of Liberty National Monument, which includes the Statue of Liberty.


Before Europeans arrived, the area around present-day New York was populated by a number of Indigenous tribes primarily by the Lenápe group, including Algonkin and Delaware. They lived on present-day Staten Island, west on Long Island – now the Bronx and Queens – in Manhattan and in the Lower Hudson Valley.

The first known European to visit the New York area was Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524. He was from Florence, but sailed in the service of the French king, Frans Is, and gave the place the name Nouvelle Angoulême after the king’s county in France. Verrazzano has been named after the New York entrance, Verrazzano Narrows. In January 1525, a Spanish expedition led by the Portuguese Estêvão Gomes anchored in the mouth of the Hudson River, but ice prevented further exploration up the river. The first scientific map of 1527 showing the entire upper part of the U.S. East Coast dates from this expedition, and the present northeastern part of the United States was called Tierra de Esteban Gómez.

In 1609, the Englishman Henry Hudson rediscovered the area in his quest for the Northwest Passage to the East for the Dutch East India Company. He sailed up the North River – now named the Hudson River after him – as far as present-day Albany, the capital of the state of New York. In 1614, the area between Cape Cod and Delaware Bay was taken over by the Dutch and given the name Nieuw-Nederland, Ny-Nederland. A permanent European settlement started in 1624 when Dutch fur traders settled on Governors Island.

In 1625, construction of Fort Amsterdam started on Manhattan Island, later called Nieuw Amsterdam (New Amsterdam) with its center in present-day Lower Manhattan. The head of the colony, the Dutchman Peter Minuit, bought the island from the local indigenous people in 1626 for 60 guilders (about 8000 kroner). The fact that Minuit actually bought Manhattan has later been disputed, as it is claimed that the indigenous people’s non-existent knowledge of the concept of property rights meant that the trade was not done on equal terms and that they did not therefore understand the agreement they signed. The legend that the island was purchased for glass beads worth $ 24 has never been documented.

Governor Peter Stuyvesant – the name is found in the Bedford-Stuyvesant district of Brooklyn – founded Harlem (originally in Nieuw Haarlem) in 1658, but in 1664 he surrendered the entire colony to the English without a fight. They immediately changed their name to New York after Duke of York, who later became King James II. In 1673, the Dutch, under the leadership of Anthony Colve, assumed control and changed the name to Nieuw Oranje after the prince of Oranien, later King William 3. But the dominion remained short-lived as the English, in collaboration with the French, attacked Dutch trade routes, and the area came to an end in English hands in 1674.

The English developed New York as a very important trading center in the 18th century. Less commendable was that New York also became a center for slave trade. By 1730, more than 40 percent of New York households had slaves, more than any other city except Charleston in South Carolina. Slaves were used both within their own household and rented out for work, especially in trade and shipping with the Southern States.

The Battle of Long Island in August 1776 was the single largest battle in the independence struggle (1763-1783), and was fought in present-day Brooklyn. Following the loss of the Americans, New York became the British military and political center in North America. That same year, a major fire broke out, the Great Fire of New York, which destroyed more than a quarter of the city and the entire West Side of Manhattan.

In 1785, New York became the formal capital of the United States, and in 1789 the country’s first president, George Washington, was inducted during a ceremony at the Federal Hall on Wall Street. In 1790, New York passed Philadelphia as the nation’s most populous city.

In the 19th century, the city quickly became the United States’ most important trade center and the gateway to the new world for immigrants from Europe. In 1811, the distinctive Manhattan street plan was adopted, and in 1825 the 584-kilometer Erie Canal between the Hudson River and Lake Erie was completed. This linked New York’s port with the agricultural markets and production areas in much of the hinterland. The canal was particularly important for grain transport until the railroad took over in the 1870s.

The great famine in Ireland contributed to a large group of immigrants. In 1860, there were over 200,000 Irish people in New York – more than 25 percent of the city’s population. There was also great immigration from Germany during these years, and the Germans made up more than 20 percent of the population.

In 1898, modern-day New York was shaped by the fact that Brooklyn – which had been a city of its own by then – along with the County of New York (parts of the Bronx), the County of Richmond and Queens were brought together to New York City. The subway was opened in 1904, and it effectively linked the various units of the new metropolis. Throughout the 1900s, New York developed into a world center for industry, commerce and communications.

In the early 1920s, New York passed London as the world’s largest urban area, and around 1932 more than 10 million people lived in Greater New York (metropolitan area). After World War II, residential construction, especially in Queens, exploded, while New York at Wall Street’s expansion became the world’s undisputed center for trade and finance. Established in 1952, the United Nations Headquarters on the east side of Manhattan reinforced the city’s international geopolitical leadership – at the same time as the development of expressionism helped New York take over Paris’ hegemony as the art center of the world.

In the 1970s, industrial changes led to economic problems and increased crime in the city. Despite Wall Street and the financial environment contributing to improved finances in the 1980s, crime continued to rise well into the 1990s. In 1995, crime began to fall dramatically due to revised political strategies, a rising economy and the influx of new ethnic groups from Asia and Latin America. Important new sectors such as computer technology in Silicon Valley contributed greatly to economic growth.

New York’s population continued to grow. It reached eight million in 2000, and growth has continued to about 8.5 million in 2015.

Cayuga Community College

Find course schedules and a catalog, facilities information, directories, and related links.

Clinton Community College

See pictures of the campus, review program offerings and course schedules, and apply for admission.

Dutchess Community College

Poughkeepsie college is affiliated with the State University of New York, or SUNY, system, and offers 52 curricula.

Erie Community College

Has three campuses in Erie County, and is associated with the State University of New York, or SUNY. Read about the Honors Program.

Finger Lakes Community College

Canandaigua college is one of the 30 two-year colleges in the State University of New York, or SUNY, system. Check out the academic programs.

Fulton-Montgomery Community College

Explore this unit of the State University of New York, featuring a searchable campus yellow pages, driving directions and an events calendar.

Hudson Valley Community College

Find step-by-step instructions for applying to this two-year college in Troy.

Jefferson Community College

Part of the State University of New York system, this college offers admissions and financial aid information, and profiles of academic programs.

Mohawk Valley Community College

Has campuses in Utica and Rome, New York, and claims to be the state’s oldest community college. Browse academic and housing information.

Monroe College

School with campuses in the Bronx and New Rochelle provides a virtual campus tour, a flex-scheduling discussion and an application.

Nassau Community College

School located in Garden City offers access to its academic programs and a glimpse of student life. Furnishes details regarding admissions.

North County Community College

College is a part of the State University of New York. Features admissions policy and procedure, a locator map and course listings.

Onondaga Community College

Syracuse school has more than 50 academic programs. See application guidelines and forms.

Onondaga Community College – Coulter Library

Connect to the library’s services and resources, some of which do not require university affiliation of the user to be accessed.

Orange County Community College

School located in Middletown offers an admissions checklist, campus life profiles, press releases and contact information.

Schenectady County CC

School is part of the State University of New York system. Offers a faculty-staff directory, a library profile and financial aid information.

SUNY Adirondack Community College

State University of New York campus is located in Queensbury. Check out admissions, student life, academics, and continuing education.

Trocaire College

Private community college located in Buffalo offers a list of associate degree programs, links to area sites and academic resources.


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