Three periods can be indicated in the development of post-war Bulgarian literature: 1944-56; 1956-70; after 1970. These periods generally coincide with the corresponding developmental processes of socialist society, but at the same time they also have an autonomous value in literary development.
The flowering of the epic novel is explained by the events of the revolutionary year 1944. At the beginning of the fifties some novels were published, destined to conquer the conscience of the Bulgarian reader. The author of the novel Osădeni duši (1945 “Damned Souls”), the writer D. Dimov, who had unequivocally declared his own efforts to ” Europeanise ” Bulgarian fiction, created the social novel Tjutjum (1951, “Tobacco”), which at the time aroused stormy controversy for its innovative content. Another notable work of that period is the historical cycle of D. Talev consisting of four novels: Železnijat svetilnik (1952, “The iron candlestick”); Prespanskite Kampani (1954, “Prespa campaigns”) and Glasovete vi čuvam (1966, “I hear your voices”). It is a historical saga centered on the struggles of the Bulgarians of Macedonia for independence, which follows the life of several generations from 1830 to 1912. D. Talev is the continuer of the tradition of I. Vazov, with specific grafts inspired by the novel European “family” of the first half of the twentieth century. G. Karaslavov, author of the short stories Tatul (1938) and Jurtalan’s daughter-in-law (1942, trans. It. 1960), has worked for over twenty years on the novel-river Common People, the first part of which was published in 1952 and the fifth in 1973. Karaslavov’s novel is also the saga of a peasant family who lived in the period between the First World War and the fateful 1944.
The Bulgarian variant of Šolochov’s cleared lands is the trilogy by SZ Daskalov (1909-1985), La strada (1945-1954). He was attracted by the wave of this epic period E. Stanev (1907-1979), author of the novels Kradecăt na paskovi (1948, “The Peach Thief”) and Sred Gori the Blata (1960, trad. It. Through woods and marshes, 1966). Towards the end of the 1950s the first part of his epic novel Ivan Kondarev (1958-64) is published, which stands out as one of the most notable testimonies of the Bulgarian epic.
Trilogies and quadrilogies also make up other writers such as P. Slavinski (b. 1909), A. Gouliaski (b. 1914), E. Manov (1919-1984), I. Martinov (b. 1912) and others. Also stand out among the best post-war storytellers P. Veginov (1914-1983) and K. Kalcev (1914-1988).
After 1956, the renewal of cultural life also had its beneficial influence on literature. The first to free itself from dogmas and obligatory canons was the lyric. The five-year period following 1956 was fertile not only for young people who were taking their first steps in poetry, but also for writers with long experience.
Among them worth mentioning are N. Furnadgiev (1903-1968), D. Gabe (1886-1983), E. Bagriana (b. 1893), a poet at European and world level; and also D. Panteleev (b. 1901), one of the most vital poets. One of the best known modern Bulgarian poets, A. Dalcev (1904-1978), reacted in a particular way to this new wave, publishing a series of aphoristic fragments, later collected in volume (Stihotvorenija i fragmenti, 1974, “Versi e fragmenti”). Very active in this period is Lamar (L. Marinov, 1898-1974), together with his friend and teacher G. Milev, one of the renovators of Bulgarian poetry. For Bulgaria 2015, please check dentistrymyth.com.
Of the poets of the generation that took part in the resistance, the most important exponent is G. Giagarov (b.1925), author of the collection My songs (1954) which recovers and renews the tradition of Bulgarian revolutionary poetry from Botev up to Vaptzarov. The poet-partisan D. Metodiev (b.1924) created the poet-partisan in the spirit of Mayakovsky, who rearranges his art in the wake of a non-symbolic image, in which ethical and social principles are intertwined with needs of individual scope. Also emerge the poets V. Petrov (b.1920), V. Hancev (1919-1966), Bulgaria Dimitrova (b.1922), R. Ralin (b.1923), I. Radoev (b.1928), I. Davidkov (b. 1926).
Of the generation of operas that flourished after 1956, what would later be called ” The April generation ”, P. Penev (1930-1959), is one of the most representative figures. His collections Dobro utro hora (1956, “Buongiorno gente”) and Nie ot dvadesetija vek (1959, “We of the twentieth century”) are among the most evocative works of contemporary opera production.
During the seventies considerable level has reached the fiction. In this period the narrator J. Radičikov (b. 1929) is affirmed, who in an original way gave a new content to the fantastic folklore of northern Bulgaria, with his collections Vodolej (1966, “Aquarius”); Baruten bukvar (1969, “Abbecedario-powder magazine”); Skalni risunki (1970, “Drawings on the rocks”).
To Radičikov and I. Petrov, masters of regional fiction, should be added N. Hajtov (b. 1919), who enjoyed enormous success with Divi razkazi (1967, “Savage tales”), and D. Fucedgiev (b. 1929)), author of The Veleka Sky (1963), The River (1974) and Cold Displacement (1981).
Strong development in the twenty years 1960-80 also finds the narrative connected to life in big cities and its problems: prominent authors are P. Veginov, A. Guliasciki, A. Nakovski and G. Stoev, and above all Bulgaria Rainov, author of the short story Roads in no direction (1966), and some volumes of memoirs, including This Strange Craft, The Third Way, Magic Fanale.
Between 1960 and 1980 the historical novel continues to flourish. Stand out Time of Division (1964) by A. Doncev, which narrates the forced conversion of the Bulgarians of the Rhodope mountain area by the Turks in the 16th century, The Price of Gold by G. Stoev (1965), Chronicles of stormy times (1964), The Gem case by V. Mutafcieva (1966). SC Karaslavov highlights himself with the trilogy And then Assenovtzi (1970-74) rose up. His trilogy dedicated to Saints Cyril and Methodius, The Brothers of Thessaloniki (1978-1980), also enjoys considerable popularity. Also very popular and read is K. Kalcev (b.1914), among whose works we must mention Two in the new city (1964), Tales of Sofia (1967), the two novels dedicated to the anti-fascist revolt of September 1923, Summer of Fire (1973) and The Insurrection (1975). Also of discreet storytellers are V. Popov (1930-1980), author of the collection of short stories Le Roots (1967) and of the novel Il tempo dell’eroe (1968); G. Misciev (b. 1935), who with the novel Matriarcato (1967) highlights the problems of migration and depopulation of the countryside; G. Velicikov (b.1938), D. Korugiev (b.1941), L. Petkov (b.1939).
The dramaturgy follows the ideas of Bulgarian lyric and fiction, also given the frequent coincidence of the authors.