The Khulna region consists mainly of swamps and jungle. The city of the same name is the administrative capital of the region and a trading center for river navigation. The Sundarbans National Park, a stretch of coast with lush vegetation and numerous animal species, is particularly worth seeing. The mighty Bengal tigers, spotted deer, monkeys and numerous bird species live here. In winter, the tourist office organizes group trips. You can also rent boats yourself in Khulna and in Mongla, the main port of the Khulna region. Accommodations are available at Heron Point. Also worth seeing are the mosque at Sat Gombud in the city of Bagerhat(Home of Khan Jahan Ali, a Sufi mystic).
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The Rajshahi region on the Ganges is mostly overlooked despite numerous archaeological excavation sites. In Paharpur are the huge Buddhist monastery Somapuri Vihara (8th century) and the Satyapir Vita temple. Also of interest is the very old Hindu settlement of Sherpur near Bogra. Mahasthanagarh, also near Bogra, dates from the 3rd century BC. back. In Vasu Vihara, about 14 km north-west, there are old monastery ruins. Numerous archaeological finds from the region can be viewed in the Rajshahi Museum. Gaur, bordering India’s West Bengal province, has many ancient mosques. The townBogra is less interesting but is an ideal base for exploring Paharpur, Mahasthanagarh and Sherpur. The Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation (NTO) (see addresses ) offers package tours to these sights.
Dhaka (North Central)
Dhaka, the capital, is on the Buriganga. This river connects all of the country’s major inland ports and has been the main artery of trade for centuries. Worth seeing is the bustling waterfront and some old buildings, such as the unfinished 17th -century Lalbagh Fort, the magnificent Ahsan Manzil Palace and the Chota Katra and Bara Katra caravanserai. Further north is the European Quarter ( British City ). Here one can see the Banga Bhavan (President’s Palace), numerous parks, the Dhakeswari Temple and the National Museumto visit. To the north and east lie the modern business and diplomatic districts of Motijheel and Gulshan. Of particular interest here are the Ghana Bhavan parliament building and the Dhaka Exhibition Fair Building. The Zoological and Botanical Gardens in the suburbs can be reached by bus or taxi. Saddarghat and Badam Tali on Buckland Road Bund are the two largest piers in Dhaka Port. The famous »Rocket« ferries also dock here. There are numerous important buildings on the shore, the Khan Mohammed Mirdha Mosque and the mausoleum of Pari Bibi are particularly worth seeing. In the Balda Gardensgrow rare plants. Dhaka was founded in 1608 during the Mughal period, which explains the large number of mosques that give the city its own flair with the bazaars. One of the most magnificent is the Kashaitully Mosque.
City tours and various excursions are offered. Information from the Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation (see addresses ).
Around Dhaka: Sonargaon, about 30 km east of Dhaka, was the regional capital between the 13th and early 17th centuries. The Rajendrapur National Park, about 50 km north of the capital, is home to numerous species of birds. Northwest of Dhaka is Dhamrai, a town with beautiful Hindu temples. Further north, Mymensingh has been a major jute producing center since the 19th century. About 160 km from Dhaka is the Madhupur National Park and Game Reserve. North of Dhaka is the Sylhet region, known for its tea plantations. Srimongol is the center of tea cultivation in this region. The landscape around Madhabkunda offers impressive mountain panoramas and waterfalls. 43 km from Sylhet are the ruins of the former royal city of Jaintiapur. In the Tamabil and Zaflong areain the border area with India there are beautiful views of the hilly landscape with tea plantations and some spectacular waterfalls.
Visiting the Chittagong Hill Tract region in southeastern Bangladesh is currently discouraged. Further information from the responsible embassies.
Chittagong, the country’s second largest city, is the capital of the southeastern administrative region. The busy port city is set in a beautiful landscape of green hills, coconut trees, mosques and minarets.
The old town has some impressive colonial buildings, mostly of Portuguese origin, and charming mosques. The Shahi-Jama-e-Masjid Mosque (17th century) is situated on a hill and resembles a fortress; even older is the Qadam Mubarek Mosque. Bada Shah ‘s chilla is west of Bakshirhat in the Old Town. The Upper Town was once settled by the British and now forms the city’s business districts. the dargahof Shah Amanat is a holy shrine in the heart of the city. Foy’s Lake is located in the village around Pahartali Railway Station, about 8 km from Chittagong. The Tomb of Sultan Bayazid Bostami, a shrine near Nasirabad, is 6 km northwest of Chittagong. At the base of the tomb is a huge basin with countless turtles, said to be descendants of evil spirits. In the extreme south of Bangladesh is the resort of Cox’s Bazar with the longest and widest sandy beach in the world: Inani Beach is 120 km long and between 55 m (at high tide) and 90 m wide (at low tide). This beach has not yet been developed for tourism. A very popular beach is Patenga. The resort of Rangamati (80 km from Chittagong) is embedded in a charming hilly landscape.
Barisal is the administrative center of the province. Its location on numerous rivers makes the city the most important port in the south of the country. There is a lake and a bird sanctuary in Madubashah, 10 km from Barisal.
The biggest tourist attraction is Kuakata, a beautiful place on the southern tip of Bangladesh in the Patuakhali district. On the extensive sandy beach you can experience breathtaking sunsets.
Also worth seeing are two mosques from the pre-Mughal period – the nine-domed mosque in the village of Qasba Guarnadi and another built in 1464 near Patuakhali.
Fabrics, silk, saris, coconut shell masks, bamboo items, mother-of-pearl jewellery, pink beads, leather goods, wood and wicker goods. There are many good arts and crafts shops, especially in Dhaka, including in hotels and at the airport. Shop opening hours: Sat-Thurs 09.00-20.00, Fri 09.00-12.30 and 14.00-20.00 (shops in tourist centers are often open later). Some shops are closed on Fridays.
For evening entertainment, only the bars of the exclusive hotels are available, as there are no nightclubs. Local dance and music performances often take place as part of religious festivals. There are theaters in all major cities, and the Mohanagor Natya Mancha recently opened in Dhaka.
Exclusive hotels and restaurants serve international dishes. There are quite good Chinese restaurants in Dhaka. Local specialties are mainly rice dishes with poultry or lamb. Seafood, especially crab, is highly recommended. Various meat skewers are also on the menu. Keora, zorda and sundesh are delicious desserts. Table service is common. Drinks: Alcohol is expensive and not available everywhere and at all times due to strict adherence to Islamic law. However, bars in exclusive hotels always serve alcohol, albeit at steep prices. Non-alcoholic drinks and tea (chai) are offered everywhere.
There are few good hotels, mostly in Dhaka, Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar. Hotel bills are paid either in cash or by travelers checks. Several modern hotels in Bangladesh are affiliated with the Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation (see addresses).
83% Muslim (predominantly Sunni), 16% Hindu, Buddhist and Christian minorities. Islam has been the state religion since 1988.
Social Rules of Conduct
In the host’s home, one sits cross-legged on a ottoman or sofa, but showing the soles of one’s feet is considered a gross insult. Small gifts are gladly accepted. Giving money is considered an insult. Religious customs and customs should be observed and respected. Women should wear pants or long skirts. When visiting religious places of worship, you should generally pay attention to modest clothing (keep your arms and legs covered). Photography: Rural residents are not used to tourists, so it is always a good idea to ask if you can take photos. Never photograph women without their consent. Photographing military installations is not permitted. Tip:
Best travel time
Tropical and very hot, monsoon rains occur from April to October. Temperatures are at their highest during this time. It is slightly cooler from November to March. Main seasons: winter (Nov – Feb), pre-monsoon (Mar – May), monsoon (June – Sept) and post-monsoon (Oct – Nov).
Area (sq km)
164,689,383 (Source: homosociety)
Population density (per square km)
Population statistics year
Main emergency number