The United Arab Emirates are a federation of the seven sheikdoms Abu
Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras al-Khaima, Fujaira, Umm al-Kaiwain and Ajman. The
individual emirates are autonomous sheikdoms.
The highest body of the United Emirates is the Supreme Council,
to which the seven rulers of the Emirates belong. The ruler of Abu Dhabi, the
largest of the emirates, has also been the head of state of the federation since
the founding of the United Arab Emirates in 1972. The Emirates border the
Persian Gulf to the north and the Gulf of Oman to the east.
The United Arab Emirates, which have been producing large amounts of oil
since the 1960s, have the highest per capita income in the world thanks to black
gold. In addition to the native Arabs, around 80% foreigners live in the
Emirates as guest workers.
More than 90% of the population professes Islam, which is also the state
religion. Geographically, the area of the United Arab Emirates is one of the
driest on earth. Two thirds of the country is occupied by the Rub al-Khali
desert. The capitals of the individual emirates are all on the coast to the
Gulf. Only individual oases make the desert in the interior of the country
In mid-March 2009, a state fund from Abu Dhabi took over 9.1% of the German car
company Mercedes-Benz for approx. 2 billion euros.
|Name of the country
||United Arab Emirates (UAE)
|Form of government
||State consisting of 7 emirates, patriarchal presidential system
||on the south coast of the Persian Gulf
||Emirati Tahiat Alalam (.....)
||around 7.3 million (other sources give 9.3 million) of these, well over 80% are foreigners
Countryaah: United Arab Emirates Population)
||Arabs and well over 80% foreigners
||Islam is the state religion
||Arabic and English as a business language
||83,600 km² - without the offshore islands 77,700 km²
||In the north of the United Arab Emirates, the Hajar Mountains rise
to a height of around 2,000 m
|International license plate
||Dirham = 100 fils
|Time difference to CET
||+ 3 h
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||220 - 250 volts, 50 hertz
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
United Arab Emirates: history
Before the year 1000
The oldest finds of human civilization in the area of the United Arab
Emirates date back to the 5th millennium BC. BC.
Abbreviationfinder website, a civilization of the early history of the kingdom of Magan, had his home in the
northern part of the Hajar Mountains on the Arabian peninsula. The empire
existed from around 3,200 BC. The exact time of the end of this copper
processing culture is uncertain.
As early as 2,500 years BC There were extensive trade relations between the Umm
al-Nar culture and India beyond the Arabian Peninsula.
Continuous settlement of the Arabian Peninsula can only be assumed in the Al-Ain
oases. For a long time, the area was populated exclusively by nomads and Bedouin
tribes, who fought among themselves for oases and access to fresh water.
Only with the Islamization of the area of the Arabian Peninsula did an Arab
world empire develop in the 8th century, which made up about a quarter of the
world known at that time. Islam united the previously rival tribes in the common
goal of spreading Islam.
From the year 1000 to the 17th century
In the 15th century, the Portuguese took control of the maritime trade in the
Indian Ocean and also established branches on the coast of the Arabian
Peninsula. In the 17th century the Dutch, French and British wrestled the
Portuguese from dominance in the Indian Ocean.
From 1622 the British, represented by the fleet of the East India Company, were
present in the Indian Ocean and on the coast of today's United Arab Emirates and
were finally able to drive the Portuguese out. The British increased their power
in the region until the 19th century
In the 18th and 19th centuries
From the middle of the 19th century, Great Britain took over the foreign
policy and defense of the individual shaikdoms of the Arabian Peninsula. These
Shaikhtumers were formed from settled Bedouin tribes whose head of the family
was called Shaikh (old, wise man).
The coastal residents of the region had for a long time defended themselves
strongly against the conquest of the Europeans, which earned the area the name
Pirate Coast. The first peace treaty between the British East India Company and
the belligerent tribe of the Al Qasimi took place in 1820 and was intended to
secure peace at sea. In 1835 the Shaikhs of Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Ajman joined
the treaty. However, the ceasefire was repeatedly interrupted until 1853 and the
peace could only be secured with a new treaty. From then on the coast was called
the Trucial Coast (Armistice Coast). In a new contract in 1892, the British
obliged Bahrain and the Shaikhtuemers of the coast not to allow any companies or
foreign agencies except the British to set up in the Shaikhtumers.
In the 20th century
At the request of the British, the Shaikhtuemers founded a council in 1952,
the so-called Trucial State Council, in which the rulers of the individual
Shaikhtuemers met and discussed.
Enormous oil deposits were found in the region at the end of the 1950s. Abu
Dhabi has exported very large quantities of oil since 1962 and Dubai since 1969.
In 1968 Britain announced its departure from the region for 1971. In 1971 the
United Arab Emirates, consisting of the Shaikhtümern Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah,
Ajman, Umm al-Quwain and Fujaira, were founded. In 1972 Ras al-Khaimah became
the seventh state to join the United Arab Emirates. In 1981, the United Arab
Emirates founded the Gulf Cooperation Council with Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain,
Kuwait and Oman.