Samoa is located in the middle of the southeastern Pacific, west of the date
line since the end of 2011.
It is located approximately 2,900 km from Auckland (New Zealand), 8,500 km
from Sydney (Australia) and 8,400 km from San Francisco (USA). It belongs to
the Polynesian culture and is located in the middle of Polynesia, which also
includes the Cook Islands, Easter Island, French
Polynesia, Niue, Pitcain, Tokelau, Tonga, as well as Wallis and Futuna.
Samoa consists of two main islands, Upolu and Savaii, and was formerly a German
colony. After the First World War, New Zealand took over the government.
In 1962, Samoa became the first island in the Pacific to gain independence.
To the east of Samoa is American Samoa, which is US territory and is
accordingly Americanized. Both states have the same language and cultural
history. However, since 1900 the islands have developed differently. Anyone
looking for the original Samoa should go to Samoa. Samoa is one of the islands
in the Pacific whose culture has been able to assert itself to this day against
strong European influences.
In Samoa as well as in neighboring Tonga, the Christian Church is deeply rooted
in society. Going to church on Sunday mornings and afternoons is a must. The
rest of the day is spent with an opulent lunch and the following afternoon
nap. The tourist accommodations are often simple beach huts that are located
directly on the sea, where you are also guests of the Samoan extended family.
On September 29, 2009, the archipelago was hit by a tsunami - over 120 people
lost their lives.
|Name of the country
||Independent State of Samoa
|Form of government
||In the South Pacific; between 13 ° 15 'and 14 ° 5' south latitude
and 171 ° 20 'to 172 ° 50' west longitude
||The Banner Of Freedom
||About 185,000 (Credit:
||92.6% Samoans, 7% Euronesians, 0.4% Europeans
||99.7% are Christians of the following faiths: Congregation of the
Anglican Faith, Catholics, Methodists, Seven Day Adventists, Mormons,
Jehovah's Witnesses and Baha'is
||Samoan and English
||Apia, with 40,000 residents
||Mt. Silisili, at an altitude of 1,858 m on the island of Savaií
|Largest lake in area
|International license plate
||The tala, also known as WS $ (dollar)
|Time difference to CET
||+13 h (since the end of 2011)
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
The first documented settlement in Samoa is Mulifanua on the island of Upolu,
which dates back to around 1,000 BC. Is dated. It is believed that the first
settlers came from Malaysia, the Philippines or from East India.
Abbreviationfinder website, the original home of the Polynesians, Hawaiiki, is believed to be Samoa. There
was a lively exchange between Samoa, Tonga and Fiji in the form of trade or
marriage. Since women could have a very high cultural status, which was
sometimes higher than that of their brothers, they were simply married to the
neighboring islands in order to avoid conflicts.
Approx. In 300 AD the Marquesas Islands were settled from Samoa. From these, in
turn, the settlement of the outer Polynesian islands such as Hawai, New Zealand
and Easter Island, which form the Poynesian triangle, which circumscribes the
Polynesian cultural area.
Around 950 AD, Tongan warriors invaded Savaii first and then Upolu, where they
dominated until around 1250. After the agreement of a peace treaty, however,
these withdrew again.
In the 15th century, Queen Salamasina ruled for 60 peaceful years. It united the
four chief tribes.
The Europeans are coming
The first European who verifiably saw Samoa was the Dutch navigator Roggeveen
(1659-1729) in 1722. Before this, whalers, pirates and escaped prisoners from
the penal colonies were there.
Louis-Antoine de Bourgainville, after whom the beautiful flowers are named,
reached the islands in 1768. In 1830 the British missionary John Williams
(1796-1839) of the London Missionary Society came to Samoa. He and others
succeeded in completely Christianizing the residents in a few years.
In 1857 the German trading company Geoffrey und Sohn from Hamburg settled in
Samoa. August Unselm was the founder. He was a successful businessman who also
knew how to mediate successfully between the interests of European settlers and
those of the native Samoans. After his death, Theodor Weber continued to run the
business no less successfully.
In 1889, a treaty between Great Britain, the USA and Germany was signed
in Berlin, which provided for a joint government over the islands. The British
withdrew, however, and Samoa was partitioned between the US and Germany. West
Samoa fell to the Germans, the eastern islands to the USA.
1900 - present
In World War I, the New Zealanders took over Samoa. In 1919 Samoa was
subordinated to the New Zealand League of Nations. The Samoans practiced quiet
resistance against the New Zealanders in the years 1926-1936.
In 1960 the first own constitution was passed. On January 1, 1962, West Samoa
became the first island nation in the Pacific to gain independence. However,
universal suffrage was not introduced until 1991. In 1997, West Samoa was