The island state of Palau is located in the northwestern Pacific, east of
the Philippines and west of Hawaii. It belongs to Micronesia, which means
"small islands". Micronesia also includes the Federated States of
Micronesia, Guam, Nauru, the Marshall Islands, Kiribati, the US Pacific
Territories, and the Northern Mariana Islands. Palau is the westernmost state
of Micronesia and the westernmost of the Caroline Islands.
Palau means "we have". By the way, the locals call their islands Belau.
Palau is full of exotic nature, both on land and in the sea.
The Palau archipelago is one of the few islands that lives up to our idealized
South Sea image. Overall, Palau consists of around 20 larger islands and a large
number of smaller ones. The islands can be divided into volcanic islands and
coral islands. In total, only nine of the islands are inhabited, with around two
thirds of the population living in the former capital Koror. The archipelago
stretches over 200 km in length and over 40 km in width. Palau is about 1,600 km
from Manila/Philippines and 1,300 km from Guam.
|Name of the country
||Republic of Palau
|Form of government
||Palau is an island republic in free association with the USA. The
state is organized as a parliamentary-presidential system.
||In the Pacific Ocean, about 800 km east of the Philippines; at
around 7 ° 30 'north latitude, 133 ° 30' east longitude
||Belau loba klisiich he a kelulul
||Around 22,000 (Credit:
||Approx. 70% Palau,
2% Caucasians (whites)
||About two thirds are Catholics and Protestants and about one third
practice the local fashion kngei religion.
||Melekeok. Melekeok has been the seat of the Palau government since
October 7, 2006, replacing Koror as the capital.
||500 km2 including water area
||Mount Ngerchelchuus, with a height of 242 m
|Largest lake in area
||Lake Ngardok, with 493 hectares and thus the largest freshwater lake
|International license plate
|Time difference to CET
||+ 8 h
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||115/230 volts, 50 hertz
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
A woman on Palau gave birth to a son named Uab, who grew up so quickly and
became so hungry that the islanders were mostly busy feeding him. But the more
they fed him, the more he asked, and the faster he grew. This went on until it
was bigger than a coconut palm and the food on all the islands was used up.
Abbreviationfinder website, the islanders reluctantly decided that the boy would have to be killed so that
the rest of them could survive. So one evening they set the men's house in which
the boy slept on fire. The boy's body puffed up and eventually exploded. His
body parts flew in all directions.
The island of Kayangel was created from his head, the islands of Babeldaob from
his torso, Peleliu from his legs, Angaur from his feet and the Little Rocks
Islands from his fingers and toes.
The islanders began to colonize the new islands, believing that after feeding
the boy for a while, he would now feed them.
The islands have been demonstrable since approx. 1,000 BC. Populated Chr.
Society was structured matrilinearly, that is, along the lines of the
mother. For example, property was passed on by women. However, this was then
shared by the extended family.
The Europeans are coming
The first European to set foot on the islands was the Spaniard Ruy
Lopez de Villalobos (1500-1545) in 1543.
More than a hundred years later, in 1686, the Spaniards claimed the islands as
their territory, but they never actually took possession from the islands.
The English captain Henry Wilson came to the islands in 1783
with an almost unseaworthy ship. He was warmly received by the locals. They even
helped the ship's crew repair the ship. When it left for England, the chief's
son Lebuu was on board to enjoy a school education in England. The Palau people
gave him gifts that can be seen today in the British Museum.
The British soon came to the islands as traders and brought weapons with them,
which, like on other islands, were used by the locals in violent disputes among
The Spanish then took over the islands in 1885. With them came the Jesuits to
the islands, who spread Christianity and the alphabet. The Spanish later sold
the islands to the Germans, who took over Palau in 1899. At that time the
population had sunk from around 40,000 to around 4,000, not least due to the
armed conflicts between the individual tribes and the diseases brought in by the
Palau was a German colony from 1899 to 1914.
After the Germans had sold the islands to the Japanese, they took over the
islands in 1914. From Koror, they managed all of their branches in
the Pacific. At the end of the 1920s, the Japanese turned the city into a real
fort and sealed it off from the rest of the world.
World War II and after
In 1944 the Americans bombed the island. Violent clashes took place in
Peleliu and on Angaur Island. The victorious Americans were the new occupying
power after World War II. The attempt to make the island like the neighboring
states of Micronesia into an extra-territorial American overseas territory
failed. In a 1978 vote, Palau split off from the Federated States of
Micronesia. In 1980 its own constitution came into force and Koror became the
capital of the new state.
For a long time, Palau saw itself as a nuclear-free zone, much to the annoyance
of the United States. In 1993, the Palau people even received the alternative
Nobel Prize for their use against nuclear weapons.
It was not until October 1, 1994 that Palau became an independent state.
The Americans, however, bought the right to military access to the islands and
the right to store nuclear weapons with a treaty of free association. The money
was used to finance the construction of Palau's new capital, Melekeok. On
October 7, 2006, Melekeok became the seat of government, replacing Koror as the