The Sultanate of Oman is the easternmost country of the Arabian Peninsula and
is located in one of the driest regions on earth.
For a long time the country had disappeared from the consciousness of the
western world, even though it had been one of the most influential maritime
trading nations until the 19th century.
However, with the start of oil exports in the 1970s, Oman quickly regained
Nowadays, the sultanate bases its wealth on the black gold - oil - which is
reflected in the modernization of the country and the high number of guest
workers (around 27%). But it is also interesting that Oman has the largest
stocks of frankincense trees. Frankincense served and serves as a remedy and
spice in addition to its use in the church.
|Name of the country
||Sultanate of Oman
|Form of government
||in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula
||Ya Rabbana Ehfid Lana Jalalat Al Sultan
||approx. 3.1 million (Credit:
||approx. 73% Omanis, as well as Persians, Indians, Baluch and
||approx. 88% Muslims; The state religion is Ibadite Islam.
||Masqat with surroundings approx. 1 million residents
||Jebel Shams with a height of 3,009 m
||Wadi Andam, Wadi Atina
|International license plate
||1 Omani Rial = 1,000 Baizas
|Time difference to CET
||+ 3 h
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||220 - 240 volts, 50 hertz
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
Before the year 1000
Already around 2,500 BC Shipbuilding began in Oman and copper export to the
surrounding area. Between 500 BC Trade, especially in incense, was further
expanded. Sea trade relations with India and East Africa were established as
early as the 1st century.
Abbreviationfinder website, around 563 BC, the Nordoman was taken by the Persians. In 630 Oman was
Islamized. In the 7th century there was a flourishing maritime trade with China.
From the year 1000 to the 17th century
Between 1506 and 1508 the Portuguese conquered Masqat and large parts of
Oman. The Portuguese were only driven out in the 1650s.
In the 18th and 19th centuries
The expansion of the Omani naval rule and the conquest and colonization of
India, Persia and East Africa took place in the early 18th century. In 1744 Imam
Ahmad bin Said defeated the Persians and founded the Al-Bu-Said dynasty. In
1752, East Africa was split between Portugal and Oman. In the early 19th
century, the British attacked the north coast of Oman. Until 1828, Oman expanded
its maritime domination in the Indian Ocean. Further colonies emerged in Persia
and Pakistan. With the death of Sultan Said in 1856 a dispute about succession
broke out in Oman. The country was divided in two. From 1868 to 1959 the imam
ruled inland and the sultan ruled the coast. With the opening of the Suez Canal
in 1869, however, the ports of Oman lost their importance.
In the 20th century
In 1920 the division of Oman was confirmed by the Treaty of Seeb between the
Sultan and the Imam. Between 1945 and 1947 there was a conflict between Oman,
Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia with the intervention of Great Britain. In 1967 Oman
began exporting oil. In 1971 Oman became a full member of the UN. Oman and the
United Arab Emirates founded the Gulf Council in 1981. As a result of the Gulf
War, Oman provided troops in 1990 to defend Saudi Arabia and to recapture
Kuwait. A first written constitution was issued in 1996. A year later, women's
suffrage, a parliament and a state council were introduced. In 2000 Oman became
a member of the WTO.