Federated States of Micronesia
The United States (also: Federated States) of Micronesia is made up of the
following four "states", enumerated from west to east:
They are part of the Caroline Islands, which also includes the independent
island of Palau. The ruins of Nan Madol, also known as the "Venice of the South
Pacific", located on the island of Pohnpei, are among the few stone witnesses of
a lost culture in the South Pacific.
In contrast to the other islands, Yap Island is largely untouched by western
|| Federated States of Micronesia
|Form of government
|| Republic in free association with the USA
|| north of the equator in the western Pacific
|| Patriots of Micronesia
|| approx. 112,000 (Credit:
|| nine Micronesian and Polynesian tribes
|| around 50% Catholics, 47% Protestants
||English is the official language. Chuuku, Kosraen, Pohnpeian and
Yapese are also spoken.
||The capital is Kolonia, the seat of government is Palikir, both on
the island of Pohnpei.
|| 702 km²
|| Mt. Nahna Laud, with a height of 772 m
|| Malem river
|Boarding school License Plate
|Time difference compared to CET
|| The islands lie within two time zones:
For Yap and Chuuk: + 9 h
For Pohnpei and Kosrae: + 10 h
|Boarding school Telephone code
|Mains voltage, mains frequency
|| 110/120 V, 60 Hz
|Internet Top Level Domain (TLD)
Federated States of Micronesia: History
Before the Europeans
The islands are believed to have been around 5,000-4,000 BC By Malay ethnic
groups. were settled. The state of Pohnpei was ruled by Nan Madol around 1,400
from a tyrannical royal dynasty. The impressive ruins of the once magnificent
city can still be seen today. The state of Kosrae, on the other hand, was united
by a chief, Tokorosa, around 1,400. He ruled the small island of Lelu in the
middle of a fort made of basalt walls. The island of Lelu and the offshore
smaller islands also had a sophisticated canal system. The common people
inhabited the main island of Ualang.
Discovery by the Europeans
Abbreviationfinder website, with the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494, the islands were
officially assigned to Spain. The first Europeans, Portuguese and Spaniards,
reached the islands in 1526. The Spanish claimed the Caroline Islands under the
Treaty of Tordesillas for themselves. This was to remain so until 1899, the end
of the Spanish-American war, when the Spaniards sold the islands to
Until World War II
The Sokeh uprising took place in 1910-1911. The trigger was a German overseer
who beat a worker on Sokeh Island. The residents of the island of Pohnpei then
killed the overseer and the revolt began. The Germans put down the uprising and
executed 17 insurgent leaders. They then deported around 430 residents from
Sokeh to the neighboring island group of Palau. And settled the island of
Pohnpei with other islanders.
The Japanese took possession of the islands in 1914 and in 1920 received a
mandate from the League of Nations to administer the islands.
The Chuuk Lagoon became the main Japanese base in the central Pacific. She was
nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the Pacific". The Americans attacked this naval base
on February 17, 1944 and sank about 60 ships directly in the port. These are
still there today.
After World War II until today
After the victory in World War II, the Americans stayed and founded the
"Federated States of Micronesia" on the American model. For this they received
the mandate from the UN to administer Micronesia.
In 1964 a Micronesian Congress was formed.
The current state of Kosrae became part of the state of Pohnpei. In 1977 it
separated from Pohnpei and became its own state.
In 1978, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands and Palau
adopted a common constitution. Both the Marshall Islands and Palau disagreed
with the constitution and therefore split off. The remaining islands form what
is now the United States of Micronesia, which entered into a free association
with the USA in 1982, which was projected to run for 15 years. In return for a
guaranteed annual sum of money, the US was given the exclusive right to use the
region for military purposes.
With the end of the Cold War, however, the region lost its key military role for
In 2004 the contract with the USA was extended to 20 years with changed