Macedonia - Land of Alexander the Great
When you hear Macedonia, you may get confused: Isn't that what you mean
Macedonia? Is that now in Greece ? Which is the new independent state on the
Balkan island? The answers to this are "correct". Yes, it is the independent
state that was formerly part of Yugoslavia, and it is also an area of
Greece. Macedonia is just the German name for Macedonia. This used to include
both the present-day republic and the area in Greece. The formerly great
Macedonia disintegrated in numerous wars.
Alexander the Great (356 BC to 323) came from Macedonia.
The new republic emerged from the breakup of Yugoslavia. Like the neighboring
countries, it is a colorful mixture of different ethnic groups and cultures. And
due to its equally diverse history, the cities are also shaped by different
epochs and architectural styles, which has produced a remarkable cultural
wealth. For example, Ohrid, the city on Lake Ohrid, is a UNESCO World Heritage
Site. And since the UÇK laid down its arms, Macedonia has become a safe travel
destination, with beautiful cities and landscapes.
Since 2018, the state has been called the Republic of North Macedonia.
|Name of the country
||Republic of North Macedonia
|Form of government
||September 08, 1991
||In southern Europe, north of Greece and south of Serbia
||"Denes Nad Makedonija" ("Today about Macedonia")
||approx. 2.1 million (Credit:
Northern Macedonia Population)
||Macedonians 64.2%, Albanians 25.2%, Turks 3.9%, Roma 2.7%, Serbs
1.8%, Bosniaks 0.8%, Vlachians 0.5%, others 1.0%
||approx. 32.4% Macedonian Orthodox Church, 16.9% Muslims, Catholic
Church, Protestant Methodists, Jews
||Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, Romani, Serbian
||Skopje with about 507,000 residents
||Golem Korab with a height of 2,764 m
||Vardar with a length of 388 km
||Ohrid with an area of 349 km²
|International license plate
||Macedonian Denar (MKD)
|Difference to CET
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||220V, 50 Hz
|Internet Top Level Domain (TLD)
Until around the year 1000
In the 4th century BC Chr. Macedonia was under the reign of
Philip II with half the Balkan Peninsula along a major power. Alexander the
Great, the son of Philip II, extended this empire to the Indus (river in what is
now Pakistan and India). In the 2nd century BC Chr. Is
dissolved Ancient Macedonia from the Roman Empire and is one of the many
provinces. 6th century AD: Slavic tribes immigrate to
Macedonia, but the Byzantine influence was still strong. In the 8th/
9th In the 17th century, Macedonia belonged to the Bulgarian Empire
under Simeon I. From 976 to 1014, Tsar Samuil ruled over the western Bulgarian
Empire with its capital Ohrid.
From the year 1000 to the 17th century
Abbreviationfinder website, in the 12th - 14th centuries Macedonia belonged to the
Serbian Empire, but became Turkish from 1371, especially after
the defeat of the Serbs against the Ottomans on the Blackbird Field (1389), and
belonged to the Ottoman Empire with brief interruptions until 1912.
In the 18th and 19th centuries
In 1878 Macedonia was assigned to the autonomous Bulgaria
for a short time, but in the same year it fell back to the Ottoman Empire. A
conflict arose between Bulgaria and Greece over the "Macedonian question", i.e.
where Macedonia belonged.
20th century until today
In 1912 the so-called Balkan alliance between Serbia,
Bulgaria and Greece was founded to attack the Turks in the first Balkan War. The
goal was to conquer Turkish Macedonia. The Ottoman Empire lost this war and had
to cede a large part of its European territories. In 1913 Bulgaria
started the second Balkan War, this time against Serbia and Greece. Again this
war was about the partitioning of Macedonia. Macedonia was then divided. The
largest part went to Serbia, the second to Greece, while Bulgaria received only
a small part.
During the First World War, Bulgaria occupied all of
Macedonia, but in 1919 lost almost the entire area again. Again
the main part went to Serbia. During the Second World War,
Bulgaria was able to conquer a large part of Macedonia again from 1941 onwards,
but it finally lost it to Yugoslav partisans in 1944. 1944-1946 a
socialist Yugoslav republic was founded. Tito appointed Vardar Macedonia as a
Yugoslav federal state.
In 1990 the first free elections took place in Macedonia. On September 8th, 1991 the
population voted in a referendum for the independence of Macedonia. 11/19/1991:
Macedonia declared its independence. It presented a flag that is a symbol for
all of Macedonia and thus provoked Greece. These also had an area of
Macedonia. Greece responded with an economic boycott of the new republic,
which plunged it into an economic crisis.
In 1993 Macedonia was admitted to the United Nations as the
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Greece refused to accept the name
Republic of Macedonia. 1994: After Macedonia changed its flag
and thus the symbol for a whole Macedonia, Greece lifted its boycott.
2001: Rebels of the Albanian minority who call themselves
the National Liberation Army (UÇK) fought for more rights. A NATO mission ended
the fighting. After that, NATO stayed in the country for peacekeeping measures,
such as disarming the rebels. Under international pressure, especially from the
EU, a peace agreement was signed in Skopje. In it, the Albanians were given more
rights. 15.9./1.11. In 2002 parliamentary elections were held
and a new government under Branko Cryenkovski was elected.