The Cook Islands consist of a group of 15 islands. They are located about
3,500 km northeast of New Zealand and are voluntarily associated with New
Zealand. B. is responsible for the defense of the archipelago. The head of state
is the English king. The Federal Republic of Germany has recognized the Cook
Islands as a separate state and maintains its own diplomatic relations with the
The main island of Rarotonga is a very popular travel destination for package
tourists from New Zealand.
|Name of the country
||Cook Islands, Cook Islands
|Form of government
||Self-governing monarchy associated with New Zealand (NZ)
||Approx. 3,500 km northeast of NZ
||Te Atua Mou E.
||approx. 20,000 (Credit:
Countryaah: Cook Islands Population)
||81.3% Polynesians (Cook Islands Maori),
||70% Protestants, 7% Catholics and others
||English, Maori, Pukapuka
||Te Manga, at 652 m
|International license plate
||New Zealand dollars
|Time difference to CET
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
Cook Islands: history
Until around the year 1000
Excavations by Japanese scientists uncovered indications that human life must
have existed on the islands around 5,000 years ago. The residents of the Cook
Islands are and were Polynesians.
From the year 1000 to the 17th century
Abbreviationfinder website, the first contact of Europeans with the islands took place in 1595 through
the Spaniard Alvaro de Mendaña de Neyra (1541-1595), who sighted the island of
Pukapuka, but did not set it. In 1606, however, the Spaniard Pedro Fernández de
Quirós (1555-1614) landed on the island of Rakahanga. The English reached
Pukapuka in 1764 and named the island "Danger Island" because they couldn't land
because of the surf and reefs. Between 1773 and 1779 James Cook (1728-1779)
landed on some of the islands of what is now the Cook Islands. But he never
reached or sighted Rarotonga, the largest of the islands.
Captain Bligh (1754-1817) of the "Bounty" landed on Aituaki in 1789. The name
Cook Islands comes from the Russians in honor of James Cook.
In the 19th century until today
The first visual encounter with Rarotonga did not take place until 1813 and
the first known landing in 1814. This expedition by Australians and New
Zealanders served commercial purposes and to find the sandalwood, which did not
In the course of the expedition there were fighting with the natives and
subsequently numerous deaths. Among the dead was the captain's mistress, Ann
Butcher. She was killed by the natives and then eaten. By the way, her remains
are buried in Muri, in the southeast of the island. Ann Butcher is considered to
be the only white woman to ever fall victim to cannibals in the South Pacific.
In 1821, John Williams (1796-1839) became the first missionary to land on the
archipelago. At that time, however, Christianity only brought misery and
oppression and, in addition, a bigoted morality.
On October 7, 1900, the Cook Islands were annexed to New Zealand. But already in
1903 the islands were placed under a separate administration. Until 1965, the
Cook Islands remained under a "benign negligence" from New Zealand. A first step
towards more self-government was taken in 1946 with the election of a
legislative assembly (council).