Everything You Need to Know If Tea Plants Becoming a Mother without a Partner

Increasingly there are more brave women who dare to have children without a partner. Or that statistics indicate. According to INE, each year take place approximately 470,000 births, of which 80,000 are mothers without a partner, either by sporadic relations or other methods. Options to get it continue to grow, from methods of pregnancy until the adoption of children. The increase in the demand for solutions to become a mother without a father He did medical improvements to advance quickly. Do you know all the existing methods to have a child without a partner?

Artificial insemination by donor

This treatment consists in the placement of a sample of sperm inside the uterus to facilitate the encounter between sperm and a fertile egg. There is the option of using the sperm from the partner or, in the case of single women, this sperm is acquired in a sperm bank by anonymous donation.

Contrary to popular belief, in Spain you can not choose the donor, the medical team is which selects it according to the needs. However, all donors pass stringent medical and quality controls to ensure the absence of disease or future problems, according to the website of reproduction assisted reproduction.

Artificial insemination is a technique of assisted reproduction which consists of three very distinct phases, in accordance with the specialists of clinica Eugin.

1 preparation: Firstly, the ovaries are hormonally stimulated to produce follicles. This process is closely monitored by ultrasound, until the size and quantity of these follicles is adequate. It then releases an egg by hormones, so is known with precision the moment of ovulation and, therefore, the best time to perform the insemination. This phase usually lasts between 10 and 12 days.

2. preparation of the sperm sample: the semen is prepared in a laboratory, where separate the sperm of other components.

3 insemination: about 36 hours once the egg matures, These sperm are inserted into the uterus with a thin cannula, with a similar to the PAP of discomfort.

This is the more simple technique at the time of becoming pregnant without a partner, with a probability of success of 65% in women of less than 34 years, according to the clinic Eugin. These possibilities decreases at older age, being 55% in women aged 34 to 37 and 49% in women aged 38 to 40 years. Apart from the 40, continue to decline. It is important to know that it may require several attempts, Since it is not the most effective method, especially in women over 35 years.

“The price of artificial insemination ranges between 700 and 900 euros. To this we must add the samples of semen, which cost between 300 and 400 euros”

Speaking of costs, according to Rosa teacher, the founder of single mothers by choice, the price ranges between 700 and 900 euros. “To this we must add samples of semen, which cost between 300 and 400 euros”. This covers medication, sperm and treatments. This price does not include the costs of tests doctors before, impossible to calculate to be different for each person. These tests are an ultrasound to check the condition of the uterus and ovaries, a hysterosalpingogram to confirm the patency of the damaged fallopian tubes and a hormone test.

In relation to the risks associated with artificial insemination, in assisted reproduction speak of three main:

  • Multiple pregnancy: 20-25% of pregnancies through insemination are twins.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: There is a 2-3% chance that the embryo implants outside the uterine cavity.
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: It is the excessive increase of the size of the ovaries, which trasudan and distended abdomen. Increase the possibilities for this to happen in the case of women with Polycystic Ovary.

Home artificial insemination

This form of assisted reproduction is not considered a medical technology, since it does not require any qualified personnel. The principle is the same as that of the artificial insemination by donor, that can be a relatively simple allows to do it at home.

For insemination artificial home is necessary to purchase a syringe and a pot of samples in the pharmacy. It is also need to buy frozen sperm, It must be in approved and international banks that do not jeopardize our health. Let’s not forget that the buying and selling of sperm is illegal in Spain and health pursues the websites and forums where they sell sperm between individuals.

“Home artificial insemination is the method of cheaper assisted pregnancy, around 600 euros.”

Web assisted reproduction they tell us all the steps to follow. Firstly, the semen comes home via Messenger and must be thawed by following the instructions that accompany it. Then you must pour into the pot of samples and mix with normal saline to 36 – 37 ° C, which will facilitate their fluency. Liquid is sucked into the syringe and is applied on the inside of the vagina, with care to avoid scratches and injuries.
It is important to be in position of gynecologist to make insemination, with slightly raised pelvis. You can place cushions or pillows to ease stance, since you have to keep it for thirty minutes. This process must be made 14 days after the rule, time of maximum ovulation.

Home artificial insemination is the method of cheaper assisted pregnancy, around 600 euros, According to babies and more. However, its efficiency is equal to or less than the sexual relationship, since the sperm has been manipulated and may not have the best conditions.

In Vitro Fertilization with donor sperm

This method of reproduction asistica is in inseminate the eggs previously extracted. The practice more widespread and used is intracytoplasmic microinjection (ICSI), which is to inseminate the eggs by injecting a sperm within each of them. According to the clinic’s fertility IVI, this account of 5 phases process:

1 stimulation: He is a hormonal treatment of about 10-12 days that favors the production of follicles, controlling by ultrasound the size and quantity of them. When the appropriate time comes, the maturation of the ovum using hormones.

2. extraction: the egg is removed through a follicular puncture that requires anesthesia by sedaccion. This is done 36 hours after the maturation of the ovum and lasts about thirty minutes.

3 fertilization: Once removed the egg, a microscopic needle is used to introduce the sperm inside. This is the process known as ICSI, spermatozoa in the cultivation of the eggs are placed in traditional in-vitro fertilization leaving without forcing the fertilization. Is no longer commonly used because their success rate is less.

4 incubation: once have fertilized the eggs left in the lab a day or two, until it is become pre-embryos.

5. transfer: one or two pre-embryos are selected and with help of a cannula inserted in the inside of the uterus. According to the law they can be entered up to three preembiones, but usually tends to be two. This last step is virtually painless and does not require anesthesia, while it is performed in the operating room.

“The cost of in vitro fertilization ranges between 5,000 and 6,000 euros, not including the previous medical test.”

The rest of pre-embryos pass through a process of vitrification, which are frozen with liquid nitrogen and stored, to be used in subsequent phases, in the event that in the first phase does not result. Further attempts are simpler, since they do not require repeat stimulation and egg extraction.

The odds of that pregnancy to succeed are of the 61% for young women of less than 34 years, According to the clinic Eugin. The probability drops to 40% between 38 and 40 years old and 25% in women over 40 years. With regard to price, the Eugin Centre says that the cost of IVF varies between 5,000 and 6,000 euros, not including the previous medical test.

In relation to the risks, fertilization in vitro can have similar to the artificial insemination complications: ectopic pregnancy, ovarian hyperstimulation or multiple. Sanitas also warns of the risk of miscarriage, and it is that 20% of women who become pregnant through this technique lost the baby in the first few weeks.

In vitro fertilization with donor sperm and egg donor

It is the same system of insemination, but not counting with the early stages of stimulation and an own egg extraction. In this case you opt for a sperm donor and an egg donor, looking for the so-called “matching phenotype” factor so the baby will have physical characteristics similar to the mother. This type of fertilization is used in situations in which the woman does not generate egg or does not want to go through the phase of stimulation and extraction the egg.

“This model of fertilization in vitro costs around 8,000-10,000 euros, including own medication and the egg donor.”

According to medical professionals of clinica Eugin, this process only requires the phases of fertilization, incubation and transfer of the pre-embryos, a success rate much higher than in vitro fertilization with donor sperm. The result is 55% of pregnancies in the first attempt, 80% in the second attempt and 94% on the third attempt, while the age of the mother play an important role.

This rate results and the egg donation process make this more expensive than other in vitro fertilization model, around 8,000-10,000 euros, According to the same clinic, including own medication and that of the egg donor, if it must undergo a treatment of stimulation. Previous medical tests are not included.

Other variants of the in vitro fertilization

Transfer Gamentos Intrafalopica

It is called GIFT, a practice into disuse only carried out for reasons of morality, when the mother wants that fertilization occurs inside the body instead of in the laboratory.

“Your price is reduced by 30% with respect to in vitro fertilization, but its success rate is low.”

In assisted reproduction, they explain that to carry out this transfer is removed the egg and mixed with sperm in a culture, which is entered through a laparoscopy fallopian tubes. This consists of a under the belly button incision to insert a tube carrying this mixture directly to the fallopian tubes, so the egg and sperm are inside.

According to the IVI clinic, its price is cheaper by 30% with respect to in vitro fertilization by injection, since fertilization and laboratory costs are avoided. However, its success rate is very low, around 20%. In addition, the risk of ectopic pregnancy and multiple rises, so you don’t usually recommend this type of procedure.

Transfer Intrafalopica of zygotes

It’s the process of ZIFT, halfway between IVF ICSI and the GIFT method. It’s fertilizing the ovum out-of-body e enter it using laparoscopy until the Zygote becomes a preembryo. According to assisted reproduction, their costs are higher than those of the GIFT and its success rate of 36%, so it is very little used.

Anevivo

The process is similar to the fertilization in vitro, but the eggs and sperm United and extracted are placed in an intrauterine device instead of in the labotorio. Thus, fertilization and start of the development of embryos occurs within the uterus. The IVI Bilbao clinic is the only one who has managed to carry out this treatment in Spain, at the moment.

“Cost is similar to the fertilization in vitro, as there are no tangible guarantees of success.”

The intrauterine device is similar to an IUD, and after fertilization, removed by a thread to collect and select the best embryos. These will be inserted into the uterus. This system is totally painless and its success rate seems to be better than the fertilization in vitro, according to Marcos Ferrando, medical director of IVI. However, due to the small number of patients undergoing Anevivo, even There is no enough results to give statistics of success. This prevents, for the moment, make the process more than the of in vitro fertilization, because There is no tangible advantage still.

“This method allows the embryo to be fertilized and develops early in their natural environment and under the same conditions of light, temperature and nutrients would have if it had been conceived naturally. From the psychological point of view allows parents closer to the process of reproduction assisted.”- Marcos Ferrando, medical director of IVI Bilbao.

What happens to embryos that are unnecessary?

The surplus embryos from IVF treatment they can be stored, destroyed, donated to science or other patients, when biological parents are healthy people less than 35 years, According to the Institut Marquès of assisted reproduction. In the latter case occurs the so-called embrioadopcion or adoption of embryos.

“It is the most economic procedures, around 3,000 euros and without waiting lists.”

According to this Center, the procedure of adoption is very simple, It does not require ovarian stimulation, injections, hospitalization or anesthesia. Only there to prepare the uterus through patches and vaginal tablets and implanting the embryo inside. This is already conceived, so that all would evolve as a normal pregnancy.

Its advantages are very spacious, from being a painless to be more economical than other procedures process, around 3,000 euros According to the newspaper El Mundo. In addition, no waiting time as it is the case of the adoption of children and babies, embryo transfer is made in 2-4 weeks and the margin of success is 57%.

Thinking of adopting a child? These are your options

This method of having a child is the only that it does not involve the process of childbirth. To do so, there are three basic requirements: be older than 25, have 16 years older than the child adopted (at least) and not more than 40 years more than he or she. Now well, the conditions are highly dependent on the country of origin of the child.

National adoptions

In the case of national adoption, it is very difficult to adopt babies and the more normal are children aged between 8 and 10 years. To do so it is necessary to obtain the certificate of suitability, that certifies your skills to take charge of a child. Once obtained, you enter part of the waiting list to adopt a small in pre-adoptive regime. If all goes well, is proposing the adoption, according to the website of the community of Madrid.

“National adoptions are free, but have long waiting times.”

All these documents are obtained in child protection centres and the entire process is free of charge, Although you can have waits of up to eight years. It is important to remember that once adopted, there is no reverse gear: your rights shall be the same as a biological child.

International adoptions

In adopting foreign children, It is necessary to choose the path: public administration or entity collaborating international adoption (adoption). Some countries admit both, other just one of them. Once chosen, incorporating all.

“Adopt in other countries allows to shorten the process, but its price is expensive, around 20,000 euros”.

Firstly, according to Madrid.org must obtain the certificate of suitability and send the documents required depending on the country of origin, duly translated and validated. When that country you of approval you will have to travel there to publicize and legalize the situation of the small. This process takes less time waiting to national adoption, around 1-5 years. However, its cost around 20,000 euros, It is necessary to hire agencies that can help you with the legal paperwork.

Gestational surrogacy

Better known as gestation for replacement or womb for hire, this process It allows you to have children using the belly of a third person. Thus, where a woman can not or do not want to go through the stage of pregnancy, you can finance another woman any of the methods of assisted reproduction to have her son instead.

“The price varies between 35,000 and 150,000 euros, depending on the country and the requirements of the surrogate mother.”

This procedure It is not legal in Spain and is punishable with imprisonment, even if you perform the procedure and process full overseas. However, there are countries such as United States or Australia to Let altruistically, i.e. no economic benefit to the biological mother. Others, such as South Africa, Russia or India They allow surrogacy altruistic and paid.

According to Babygest, the price of gestation by substitution It can vary between 35,000 and 150,000 euros, in function of the country where it is made and the specific requirements of the surrogate mother. This sum includes compensation for the biological mother, reproductive treatment, legal expenses and the agency that manages everything. The total amount must be paid by the mother of intention, i.e., that finally will take care of the small.

Sex, the traditional method

If you’re thinking about getting you pregnant using sperm from an acquaintance, we recommend that Let the idea aside. First of all, the buying and selling of sperm between individuals is illegal in Spain and she is chased by the law, which means that you can not appeal to any friend or acquaintance for the process of inseminazion.

In the case of conceiving a child through sexual intercourse, experienced family lawyers inform us of the following: “parental authority is an inherent obligation by the mere fact of having a child. In addition, the child also has the right of affiliation with the father and can claim it. In this way, as a mother you can not remove your child the right a father knowing they have it.”

This means that the father has both right and mother to the son, and nothing can remove that right. For this same reason sperm donors are (and must always be) anonymous, so that there are no reprisals. Can be made private contracts between private individuals to relinquish care or baby care, but they are all revocable. The only person who can deny you the right to parenthood is a judge, in the event of disability or abuse and temporarily. In any case the mother may decide it.

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