Know the different beverage alternatives to milk that are there in the market? Read our article and get to know better each one of them.
The lactose intolerance and allergy to cow’s milk protein are problems that affect the ingestion of the milkof the cow by the part of people of them suffer. And once the prevalence of these conditions is increasing, the food industry has invested in the development of beverage alternatives to milk.
Before we get to know you better these drinks as alternatives to milk, it is necessary to clarify what is lactose intolerance and allergy to milk protein and explain the difference between them.
LACTOSE INTOLERANCE VS ALLERGY TO MILK PROTEIN
Lactose intolerance is defined as the complete or partial inability to digest lactose, the sugar present in milk due to insufficient production of the enzyme lactase, responsible for digesting lactose.
Already the allergy to cow’s milk protein is defined as a reaction mediated by the immune system to the proteins in the milk and occurs predominantly in the first 3 years of life.
The proteins most frequently involved in this reaction are casein, alpha-lactalbumin and beta-lactoglobulin.
The allergic reactions can be of two types: IgE (immunoglobulin / antibody) mediated and non-IgE mediated, and this fact correlate with the clinical manifestations.
In addition to milk, the lactose intolerant and people allergic to milk protein, may also not be able to tolerate the derivatives, including cheese, yogurt and butter. Hence the importance of beverage alternatives to milk, which we’ll cover next.
DRINKS AS ALTERNATIVES TO MILK: WHAT ARE THE OPTIONS?
Due to the growing number of people intolerant to lactose or allergic to milk, there is, currently, a plethora of products milk substitutes.
Then, we showed you a few options.
1. SOY BEVERAGE
Is the milk substitute most common and the one that comes closest to their nutritional composition, although, in a general way, the soy beverages have more carbohydrates (in the form of sugar in most of the cases) and less protein than milk.
In addition to contain less protein, the protein of soy and all vegetable drinks is the fact that it is not a complete protein, meaning it doesn’t have all the essential amino acids, unlike milk protein, which is of high biological value.
This drink is produced on the basis of the soybeans, which are demolhados and subsequently ground. The mass that results from this process is then filtered, the filtered liquid to the soy beverage.
The soy beverage has a great advantage that does not have lactose and have low fat content.
With respect to sugar content, there are already on the market alternatives with a sugar content reduced, that will be the best options.
In addition to the soy beverage, natural / original, there are still other versions:
- Drink soy light: with a reduction of the content of added sugar; There is the original version and chocolate;
- Soy beverage with chocolate: has the addition of cocoa powder, being the one that has a higher sugar content;
- Soy beverage with vanilla: has the addition of vanilla scent, and sugar.
2. DRINK OAT
The drink of oats is obtained through demolha of oats, then grind with water and, finally, a process of filtering.
It is widely used as a beverage substitute for milk, but also as an ingredient in a main dish, with an option balanced in terms of nutritional (energy value and fat content significantly lower than cow’s milk). However, the protein content is the residual.
The similarity of the soy beverage, it is also exempt in lactose. Avoid, however, buy drinks oatmeal with flavors, because this already contains added sugar.
3. DRINK RICE
The drink of rice, when in its original version, presents a constitution simple, the level of macronutrients (almost exclusively carbohydrate) and a low content of vitamins and mineral when compared with cow’s milk.
For this reason, the majority of drinks of rice that are on the market are enriched with vitamins and minerals, so as to bring its nutritional composition of milk.
Because of its easy digestion, it is ideal for those who suffer from gastric problems and to help in the reduction of cholesterol.
This drink can also be made at home, simply cook the rice, then grinds it with water, and, finally, strain the liquid end.
4. DRINK ALMOND
Obtained by grinding and later coerce the almond, the drink of almond is also one of the drinks as alternatives to milk are also available in the supermarkets.
Like the other, has low energy value and fat, mainly saturated, but also low protein content. The content of fiber is also much reduced due to the process of coerce.
Also in this case, look for versions without added sugar.
5. DRINK COCONUT
Obtained from the pulp of the coconut, the drinking coconut is the one that usually has the energy value and lipid the highest.
It is also poor in protein and free in lactose, being a version more expensive than the other vegetable drinks.
It is a drink very versatile, being used as a substitute for milk, but also to make milkshakes, desserts, smothies, among others.
of drink alternatives to cow’s milk, the original is, nowadays, very large, allowing for intolerant and allergic to milk take advantage of healthy options (although they are not truly equivalent to milk) in your day-to-day.