Castrate the dog is, currently, a common practice due to the numerous benefits that it brings. Therefore, you should know all the aspects surrounding it, such as the control of reproduction, behavioral changes, when to castrate, to take care and what are the diseases that they prevent, and others that boost with neutering.
Castrate the dog is something that increasingly is part of a detention the officer responsible for the part of the owner. However, in spite of being a technique already very practiced, you may want to know some concepts to make a well-informed decision.
WHAT IS TO SPAY THE DOG?
The castration of a dog consists in the surgical removal of the testicles (orchiectomy). The procedure usually involves general anesthesia and is done through an incision in the scrotum and later extraction of the testes. Through this intervention, the dog reduces the sex hormones in circulation, as is the case with testosterone.
It is different from the vasectomy, since this technique only makes you unable to play for laquear the tubes through which pass the sperm, but the production of hormones by the testis remains, so they do not get the medical benefits and behavioural castration.
CASTRATE THE DOG: THE PROS OF THIS INTERVENTION
1. CONTROL THE REPRODUCTIVE
The growing population of stray animals is a considerable problem to take into account.
Your control does not pass only by the castration of the females; the males also have an important role in this matter as are capable of breeding throughout the year, so that you will be responsible for a high number of litters yearly, in addition to that are in permanent search for bitches on heat.
Owners of dogs males should have this awareness because despite the fact that they can never be faced or even know of the existence of the brood, are indirectly responsible for it.
2. BEHAVIORAL CHANGES
It is important to underline that the only behaviors changeable with castration are those that are manifested under the influence of male hormones.
Behaviors that stem from the attraction for the bitches, especially in heat (like running away or not returning when called by him, mount them) or that derive from attitudes of dominance (they can be aggressive with other dogs and people, mark territory with urine) will, in principle, cease with neutering.
However, when the dogs are spayed or neutered too late, there are certain behaviors that have already been acquired by them and which are part of your way of doing things, regardless of the hormones.
That is, there are certain behaviors that improve by removing the influence of hormones, but there are others who depend on temperament, education and training that the dog receives.
3. PREVENTION OF CERTAIN DISEASES
Another of the great advantages of castrating a dog is the prevention of certain diseases.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is the disease prostate most commonly found in dogs not spayed or neutered, with more than 6 years of age due to stimulation by androgens. It is characterized by difficulty in defecating, the urine sometimes accompanied by blood or discharge from the bloody foreskin. Castration is in these cases the treatment of choice, allowing you to wed the prostate can return to its original size.
In the case of cancer testicular, this hypothesis is also eliminated so that the dog is neutered.
The dogs criptorquídicos (when only one or no testicles descended) must be spayed or neutered because there is a higher risk of developing testicular tumours. In addition, this is a condition hereditável. by which animals with cryptorchidism should not be used in playback.
CASTRATE THE DOG: THE CONS OF THIS INTERVENTION
1. DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH NEUTERING
Everything in medicine (including veterinary) has its pros and its cons. Despite all of the benefits listed above, there are also certain diseases whose prevalence is higher in dogs neutered.
In relation to prostate cancer, its incidence is higher in dogs neutered because, the hormones cease to exercise a certain degree of control over those cells. The signals pass through fever and pain, particularly when urinating, with possible obstruction. There is no curative treatment effective for carcinoma prostate of dogs.
There are also certain conditions orthopaedic conditions that are more prevalent in dogs neutered, mainly in the joints, which may be related to a shutdown deficient of the growth plates of the bones due to the absence of certain sex hormones, and that may manifest in the future.
2. EXCESS WEIGHT
Castrate the dog can induce a slight change in metabolism, causing their energy needs are smaller than before. However, if they are taken into account the care needed as to provide them with a proper diet and keep them active, there is no reason for that if they are to become fat and lazy.
3. RISK ASSOCIATED WITH THE SURGERY
Castration is always a surgical intervention with anesthesia, and as such always has an associated risk. However, the veterinarian evaluates this risk prior to surgery, and performs all the necessary procedures so that the risk is the lowest possible.
WHEN YOU NEUTER THE DOG?
In relation to this theme there are two strands to the major. There are those who argue that it should be between 5 to 10 months of age, so as to achieve a lower probability of having cancer, sexual behaviour and dominance.
On the other hand, there are the veterinarians prefer to castrate the dog only when it has reached sexual maturity, so as to allow its full and normal development, or is, around a year old.
It is important to note that the age at which dogs reach maturity is largely dependent on their breed and size, being that dogs of breeds large, take longer to develop.
CARE TO BE TAKEN IN THE NEUTER OF THE DOG
The vet doctor that will castrate the dog will certainly indicate all the care before and after surgery.
In the days after surgery, you should provide your dog a comfortable space protected, prevent that it be able to run and jump a lot in the 10 days following, and inspect the suture, making sure that he’s not the licks, having to possibly put a paste isabelline.
The castration of dogs is a common procedure in which, in general, the benefits outweigh its disadvantages. However, this should always be discussed with the veterinarian about if it fits or not to your dog in particular.